Setting the Scene: Problems of Cohesion, 1918–1938

  • Dennis Deletant


Romania came out of the First World War with double its former population, territory and industrial capacity — 7.3 million Romanians had by 1919 increased to 16.2 million, but they still lived mostly on the land. The economy was characterized by agricultural overpopulation and low productivity per acre — about half that of Western Europe. The newly enlarged provincial Romania with its legacy of a different historical experience, coupled with the diverse ethnic mix of the significant minority Hungarian, German and Jewish populations which it contained, posed major problems of harmonization and consolidation which, in the brief interlude of the inter-war period, the country’s leaders had little time, capacity and will to address. A failure to solve these issues blighted the country’s progress towards modernization and the exercise of genuine democratic rule.


Interwar Period Industrial Capacity French Minister German Minister National Legionary 
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© Dennis Deletant 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dennis Deletant
    • 1
  1. 1.Georgetown UniversityUSA

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