China-Africa Trade Relations: Insights from AERC Scoping Studies

  • Oyejide Titiloye Ademola
  • Abiodun-S. Bankole
  • Adeolu O. Adewuyi
Part of the Palgrave Readers in Economics book series (PRE)


This paper analyses the impact of China-Africa trade relations both at the aggregate African and at the national level of a selected sample of countries. The paper confirms that there are both trade-related gains and losses arising from China-Africa trade relations. Beyond this is the concern that the existing pattern of Africa-China trade — which continues to be strengthened by China’s rising profile — does not correspond to the region’s longer term objectives, that is, to diversify its economic and trade structure and ensure that trade contributes to the industrial development of African countries. This paper suggests that for many African countries, the negative effects may outweigh the positive ones. Hence, concerted policy measures may need to be taken in particular African countries, carefully crafted in each case to suit specific circumstances. In broad terms, the menu of policy measures could include those aimed at gaining enhanced market access to the Chinese market as well as those targeted at eliminating the binding supply response capacity constraints.


African Country Trade Relation Export Processing Zone Merchandise Export Export Market Share 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. African Development Bank (ADB). (2005) African Development Report 2005. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Ajakaiye, O. (2006) China and Africa: Opportunities and challenges. Paper presented to the African Union Task Force on Strategic Partnership between Africa and the Emerging Countries of the South; 11–13 September, Addis Ababa.Google Scholar
  3. Ancharaz, V.D. (2008) David Versus Goliath: Mauritius Facing Up to China. A Scoping Study on China–Africa Economic Relations. Nairobi: AERC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  4. Bazika, J-C.B. (2008) Economic Relations of China with the Republic of Congo. Nairobi: AERC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  5. Burke, C., Naidu, S. and Nepgen, A. (2008) Scoping Study on China’s Relations with South Africa. Nairobi: AERC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  6. Corkin, L. (2008) AERC Scoping Exercise on China–Africa Relations: The Case of Angola. Nairobi: AERC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  7. Doumbouya, S.F. and Gassama, I.S. (2008) Relations between Guinea and China: Trade, Investment and Aid. Nairobi: AERC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  8. Edinger, H. and Burke, C. (2008) AERC Scoping Studies on China–Africa Relations: A Research Report on Zimbabwe. Nairobi: AERC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  9. Egziabher, T.G. (2006) Asian Imports and Coping Strategies of Medium, Small and Micro Firms: The Case of Footwear Sector in Ethiopia. Addis Ababa, Addis: Ababa University (mimeo).Google Scholar
  10. Finger, K.M. (2007) Evolving Wave of Competition in the International Market: Challenges for Africa through the Rise of China and India. Nairobi: AERC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  11. Geda, A. (2008) Scoping Study on the Chinese Relations with Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case of Ethiopia. Nairobi: AERC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  12. IMF. (2008) IMF sees world growth slowing. IMF Survey 37 (2): 17–19.Google Scholar
  13. Ianchovichina, E., Matoo, A. and Olarreaga, M. (2002) Unrestricted market access for Sub-Saharan Africa: How much is it worth and who pays? Journal of African Economies 10 (4): 410–432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. International Trade Centre (ITC) Data Base. (2007).
  15. Kaplinsky, R. (2008) China and the terms of trade: The challenge to development strategy in SSA. Paper prepared for Rise of China Global Opportunities and Challenges Conference; March, Mount Holyoke.Google Scholar
  16. Kaplinsky, R., McCormick, D. and Morris, M. (2006) The Impact of China on Sub-Saharan Africa. Beijing: DFID, China Office (mimeo).Google Scholar
  17. Kaplinsky, R. and Morris, M. (2006) Dangling by a Thread: How Sharp Are the Chinese Scissors? Brighton: Institute of Development Studies (mimeo).Google Scholar
  18. Khan, S.A. and Baye, F.M. (2008) China-Africa Economic Relations: The Case of Cameroon. Nairobi: AERC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  19. Krugman, P.R. and Obstfeld, M. (2000) International Economics: Theory and Practice, 5th edn., (Low Price Edition), Boston, MA: Addison Wesley.Google Scholar
  20. Maglad, N.E.A. (2008) Scoping Study on Chinese Relations with Sudan. Nairobi: AERC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  21. Markusen, J.R., Melvin, J.R, Kaempfer, W.H and Maskus, K.E (1995) International Trade Theory and Evidence. Singapore: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  22. McGreal, C. (2007) Backlash as cheap Chinese labour and Products follow investment from Beijing. The Guardian, 5 February.Google Scholar
  23. Moshi, H.P.B. and Mutui, J.M. (2008) Scoping Studies on China–Africa Economic Relations: The Case of Tanzania. Nairobi: AERC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  24. Mwanawina, I. (2008) China–Africa Economic Relations: The Case of Zambia. Nairobi: AERC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  25. Ng, F. and Yeats, A.J. (2000) On the Recent Trade Performance of Sub-Saharan African Countries. Washington: World Bank. Africa Region Working Paper Series no 7.Google Scholar
  26. Odada, J.E. and Kakujaha-Matundu, O. (2008) China-Africa Economic Relations: The Case of Namibia. Nairobi: AERC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  27. Ogunkola, E.O., Adewuyi, A.O., Oyeranti, O.A and Bankole, A.S. (2008a) Study of Economic Relations Between Nigeria and China. A Final Draft Report Submitted to the Economic Management Team, November.Google Scholar
  28. Ogunkola, E.O., Bankole, A.S. and Adewuyi, A. (2008b) China-Nigeria Economic Relations: AERC Scoping Studies on China–Africa Relations. Nairobi: AERC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  29. Onjala, J. (2008) A Scoping Study on/China–Africa Economic Relations: The Case of Kenya. Nairobi: AERC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  30. Oyejide, T.A. (2007) Does the ascendance of China and India boost or constrain African economic growth? Paper presented at the 8th Annual Global Development Conference of the Global Development Network on Shaping a New Global Reality: The Rise of Asia and Its Implications; 14–16 January, Beijing, China.Google Scholar
  31. Oyejide, T.A. and Ogunkola, E.O. (2004) Trade, investment and growth in Africa: Patterns, trends and puzzles. The Nigerian Journal of Economic and Social Studies 46 (1): 125–146.Google Scholar
  32. Pattillo, C., Cupta, S. and Carey, K. (2005) Sustaining Growth in Africa. Washington DC: IMF. IMF Working Paper 05/195.Google Scholar
  33. Polaski, S. (2006) Winners and Losers: Impact of the Doha Round on Developing Countries. Washington DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.Google Scholar
  34. Rakotomanana, J.E. and Rajaobelina, J. (2008) Study on Trade between China and Madagascar. Nairobi: AERC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  35. Sanogo, A. (2008) Economic Relations of China and Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case of Mali. Nairobi: AERC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  36. Seka, P.R. and Kouakou, K.C. (2008) Economic Relations between China and Africa: The Case of Cote d’ Ivoire. Nairobi: AERC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  37. Sillah, B and Jammeh, M.E. (2007) AERC Scoping Studies on China–Africa Economic Relations: The Gambia. Nairobi: AERC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  38. Stevens, C. and Kennan, J. (2006) How to identify the trade impact of China on small countries. In: R. Kaplinsky, (ed.) Asian Drivers: Opportunity and Threat, IDS Bulletin 37, Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies.Google Scholar
  39. Tabo, S.N., Beassoum, C.N. and Asngar, T.M. (2008) Relations between China and Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case of Chad. Nairobi: AERC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  40. Tsikata, D., Fenny, A.M. and Arête, E. (2008) China–Africa Relations: A Case Study of Ghana. A Scoping Study on China–Africa Economic Relations, Nairobi: AERC (mimeo).Google Scholar
  41. Wang, J-Y. (2007) What Drives China’s Growing Role in Africa? Washington DC: IMF. IMF Working Paper WP/07/211.Google Scholar
  42. Wang, J-Y. and Bio-Tchane, A. (2008) Africa’s burgeoning ties with China: Maximizing the benefits of China’s increasing economic engagement with Africa. Finance and Development 45 (1): 44–47.Google Scholar
  43. Winters, L.A. and Yusuf, S. (eds.) (2007) Dancing with Giants: Ghana, India and the Global Economy. Washington DC; Singapore: The World Bank, The Institute of Policy Studies.Google Scholar
  44. World Trade, Organization. (2006) International Trade Studies 2006. Geneva, Switzerland: WTO.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oyejide Titiloye Ademola
    • 1
  • Abiodun-S. Bankole
    • 1
  • Adeolu O. Adewuyi
    • 1
  1. 1.University of IbadanNigeria

Personalised recommendations