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A New Group of SED Reformers Tries Its Luck

  • Dietrich Orlow

Abstract

This chapter covers the few months in the fall and winter of 1989/90, during which a new group attempted to preserve an independent and socialist GDR. Led by Hans Modrow, this group recognized the futility of trying to hold onto the SED’s political power monopoly. Instead, these reformers relied on their control of the state apparatus to institute their program of reformed socialism in the GDR.

This second group of reformers was no more successful than the first. With the country’s borders now open, Modrow and his allies no longer controlled the GDR’s future. The possibility of German reunification moved onto the national and international agenda. And in the GDR’s first genuinely free elections in March 1990 the voters decisively rejected any form of socialism in favor of union with West Germany.

Keywords

Prime Minister Central Committee Round Table German Democratic Republic Democratic Socialism 
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Notes

  1. [11]
    Gero Neugebauer, “Von der SED zur PDS 1989 bis 1990,” in: Andreas Herbst, ed., Die SED: Geschichte, Organisation, Politik (Berlin, 1997 ), pp. 110–11.Google Scholar
  2. [15]
    Uwe Thaysen, Der Runde Tisch- oder: Wo blieb das Volk: Der Weg der DDR in die Demokratie (Opladen, 1990), pp. 119–20; and Bortfeldt, PDS, p. 166.Google Scholar
  3. [16]
    Gregor Gysi, Ein Blick zurück, ein Schritt nach vorn (Hamburg, 2001), pp. 39 and 45–46, and Gysi and Falkner, Sturm, p. 136.Google Scholar
  4. [18]
    Karl-Heinz Arnold, Schild und Schwert: Das Ende von Stasi und Nasi (Berlin, 1995), p. 105; and Modrow, Deutschland, p. 253.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dietrich Orlow 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dietrich Orlow
    • 1
  1. 1.Boston UniversityUSA

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