Summary and Conclusions
This book is composed of Part I and Part II. Part I focused on the macroscopic statistical observations and investigations of Japanese and Tohoku agriculture by looking, in particular, at changes in the quantities and prices of both outputs and inputs, transfers of farmland, agricultural budgets, and movements of public agricultural R&D and extension investments for improved crops and livestock for the second half of the 20th century; more specifically, the period 1956–97. Based on careful observations of these data, Part I shed a special light on quantitative investigation by analyzing econometrically the production structure of the rice sector, which is still the most important agricultural sector in Japan, although the share of production of rice in the total agricultural production has been steadily declining over time. Almost all farmers produce rice, it has deep roots in Japanese culture and offers beautiful scenic views in rural areas, with paddy fields doubling as dams against floods, and more. Therefore, it is academically intriguing and politically important to accurately capture the production structure of the rice sector through quantitative analyses; the behavior of rice supply, demands for factor inputs of production, rates and biases of technological change, and so on.
KeywordsTechnological Change Economic Indicator Entire Study Period Factor Input Rice Farming
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