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The Development of Cinchona Cultivation and ‘Kina Gaku’ in the Japanese Empire, 1912–45

  • Ya-wen Ku
Part of the Palgrave Studies in World Environmental History book series (PSWEH)

Abstract

The cinchona tree, a native of South America, had an almost magical effect on malarial fever, following the introduction of its bark into Europe in the first half of the seventeenth century. The successful isolation of quinine alkaloids from cinchona bark in 1820 gave the Western medical profession confidence in its curative powers and that its pure extracts would be even more efficacious.1 Although medical professionals frequently debated quinine’s pharmaceutical effects and most effective dosage,2 quinine gradually became the standard therapy and preventive medicine for malarial fever. The cinchona tree was thus recognized as a critical resource for European powers seeking to establish colonial settlements in the fever-ridden parts of the world.

Keywords

Central Research Institute Colonial Government Forest Experimental Station Colonial Settlement Japanese Colonial 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

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© Ya-wen Ku 2016

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