Advertisement

Space for Gender Equality in the Security and Development Agenda? Insights from Three Donors

  • Liam Swiss
Part of the Rethinking International Development Series book series (RID)

Abstract

In 2004, representatives of the 22 wealthiest foreign aid donor countries met under the auspices of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and agreed to the above statement at a meeting that concretized the donor community’s views on the relationship between security and development. It is tempting to think that foreign aid’s recent alliance with security emerged primarily from renewed interest in national security in the wake of the September 2001 attacks on the United States. However, as the introductory chapter in this volume establishes, this assumption overlooks a lengthier dialogue between security and development communities that grew from the early-1990s turn towards human security as an organizing principle for some donors’ aid and their foreign policy objectives.

Keywords

Civil Society Gender Equality Development Agenda Policy Coherence Security Sector 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Baaz, Maria Eriksson and Maria Stern (2009) ‘Why Do Soldiers Rape? Masculinity, Violence, and Sexuality in the Armed Forces in the Congo (DRC)’, International Studies Quarterly, 53.2: 495–518.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Byron, Gabriela and Charlotte Örnemark (2010) ‘Gender Equality in Swedish Development Cooperation: Final Report’, Sida Evaluation. Stockholm: Sida.Google Scholar
  3. Carpenter, R. Charli (2006) ‘Recognizing Gender-Based Violence against Civilian Men and Boys in Conflict Situations’, Security Dialogue, 37.1: 83–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. CIDA (2010) Statistical Report on International Assistance, Fiscal Year 2008–2009. Gatineau: CIDA.Google Scholar
  5. CIDA (2013) Statistical Report on International Assistance, Fiscal Year 2011–2012. Gatineau: CIDA.Google Scholar
  6. Cleaver, Frances (2003) Masculinities Matter! Men, Gender, and Development. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  7. Cornwall, Andrea (1997) ‘Men, Masculinity and “Gender in Development”’, Gender and Development, 5.2: 8–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. DFID (2004) The Africa Conflict Prevention Pool: A Joint UK Government Approach to Preventing and Reducing Conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa, September, http://www.fco.gov.uk/Files/kfile/ACPP%20Information%20Doc%20-%20final,0.pdf, accessed 9 May 2013.Google Scholar
  9. Kunz, Rahel (2014) ‘Gender and Security Sector Reform: Gendering Differently?’ International Peacekeeping, 21.5: 604–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lancaster, Carol (2007) Foreign Aid: Diplomacy, Development, Domestic Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  11. Lancaster, Carol (2008) George Bush’s Foreign Aid: Transformation or Chaos? Washington, DC: Center for Global Development.Google Scholar
  12. Moser, C. (2005) ‘Has Gender Mainstreaming Failed?’ International Feminist Journal of Politics, 7.4: 576–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Moser, C. and A. Moser (2005) ‘Gender Mainstreaming since Beijing: A Review of Success and Limitations in International Institutions’, Gender and Development, 13. 2: 11–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. OECD (2004) The Security and Development Nexus: Challenges for Aid. Paris: OECD, http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/40/59/31526546.pdf, accessed 9 May 2013.Google Scholar
  15. OECD (2010a) Aid in Support of Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment. Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
  16. OECD (2010b) Aid in Support of Gender Equality in Fragile and Conflict-affected States. Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
  17. OECD (2015) Financing UN Security Council Resolution 1325: Aid in Support of Gender Equality and Women’s Rights in Fragile Contexts. Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
  18. Parpart, Jane L. (2014) ‘Exploring the Transformative Potential of Gender Main-streaming in International Development Institutions,’ Journal of International Development, 26.3: 382–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Plewes, Betty and Joanna Kerr (2010) ‘Politicizing, Undermining Gender Equality’, Embassy Magazine, 5 May.Google Scholar
  20. Rathgeber, Eva (1990) ‘WID, WAD, GAD: Trends in Research and Practice’, The Journal of Developing Areas, 24: 489–502.Google Scholar
  21. Rathgeber, Eva (1995) ‘Gender and Development in Action’, in Marianne Marchand and Jane Parpart (eds.), Feminism/Postmodernism/Development, pp. 204–20. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  22. Sida (2005a) Promoting Gender Equality in Development Cooperation. Stockholm: Sida.Google Scholar
  23. Sida (2005b) Promoting Peace and Security through Development Cooperation. Stockholm: Sida.Google Scholar
  24. Sida (2011) Peace and Security Important Areas for Cooperation, http://www.sida.se/English/About-us/How-we-operate/Important-Areas-of-Development/Human-security1/Human-security/, accessed 9 May 2012.Google Scholar
  25. Sweden (2003) ‘Shared Responsibility: Sweden’s Policy for Global Development’, Government Bill, 2002 /03: 122.Google Scholar
  26. Swiss, Liam (2009) Developing Consensus: The Globalisation of Development Assistance Policies. PhD Dissertation, Department of Sociology, McGill University.Google Scholar
  27. Swiss, Liam (2011) ‘Security Sector Reform and Development Assistance: Explaining the Diffusion of Policy Priorities Among Donor Agencies’, Qualitative Sociology, 34.2: 371–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Swiss, Liam (2012a) ‘The Adoption of Women and Gender as Development Assistance Priorities: An Event History Analysis of World Polity Effects’, International Sociology, 27.1: 96–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Swiss, Liam (2012b) ‘Gender, Security, and Instrumentalism: Canada’s Foreign Aid in Support of National Interest?’ in Stephen Brown (ed.), Struggling for Effectiveness: CIDA and Canadian Aid Policy, pp. 135–58. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Thibault, Paul (2003) CIDA’s Approach to Peacebuilding, http://www.humansecurity.info/sites/cchs/files/pdfs/Consultation%20Papers/thibault_-_pdf.pdf, accessed 9 May 2013.Google Scholar
  31. Thorsell, Jerker, and Lindsey Weber (2006) ‘The Challenge of Walking the Coherent Line’, in Management Committee: The Reality of Aid (ed.), The Reality of Aid 2006: Focus on Conflict, Security and Development, pp. 333–36. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  32. Tiessen, Rebecca (2007) Everywhere/Nowhere: Gender Mainstreaming in Development Agencies. Bloomfield, CT: Kumarian Press.Google Scholar
  33. Tiessen, Rebecca (2014) ‘Gender Equality and the “Two CIDAs”: Successes and Setbacks, 1976–2013’, in Stephen Brown, Molly den Heyer, and David R. Black (eds.), Rethinking Canadian Aid, pp. 195–209. Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press.Google Scholar
  34. Tiessen, Rebecca (2015) ‘Gender Essentialism in Canadian Foreign Aid Commitments to Women, Peace, and Security’, International Journal, 70.1: 84–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Tiessen, Rebecca and Krystel Carrier (2015) ‘The Erasure of “Gender” in Canadian Foreign Policy under the Harper Conservatives: The Significance of the Discursive Shift from “Gender Equality” to “Equality between Women and Men”,’ Canadian Foreign Policy Journal, 21. 2: 95–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Towns, Ann (2002) ‘Paradoxes of (In)Equality’, Cooperation and Conflict, 37.2: 157–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. United Nations (2000) Women, Peace, and Security. New York: United Nations.Google Scholar
  38. United Nations (2008) Women, Peace, and Security. New York: United Nations.Google Scholar
  39. USAID (2002) Foreign Aid in the National Interest: Promoting Freedom, Security, and Opportunity. Washington, DC: USAID.Google Scholar
  40. USAID (2005) Conflict Mitigation and Management Policy. Washington, DC: USAID.Google Scholar
  41. USAID (2006) Women, Men, and Development. Washington, DC: USAID.Google Scholar
  42. USAID (2007) US Overseas Loans and Grants: Obligations and Loan Authorizations, 1 July 1945–30 September 2006. Washington, DC: USAID.Google Scholar
  43. USAID (2009a) Security Sector Reform. Washington, DC: USAID, DOD, State Department.Google Scholar
  44. USAID (2009b) Supporting Peace Processes: A Toolkit for Development Intervention. Washington, DC: USAID.Google Scholar
  45. USAID and State Department (2007) Strategic Plan Fiscal Years 2007–2012: Transformational Diplomacy. Washington, DC: USAID and State Department.Google Scholar
  46. Valasek, Kristin (2008) ‘Security Sector Reform and Gender’, in Kristin Valasek and Megan Bastick (eds.), Gender and Security Sector Reform Toolkit. Geneva: DCAF, OSCE, UN-INSTRAW.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Liam Swiss 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liam Swiss

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations