Advertisement

The “Siberian Internment” and the Transnational History of the Early Cold War Japan, 1945–56

  • Sherzod Muminov
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Transnational History Series book series (PMSTH)

Abstract

It is one of the overlooked ironies of history that Japan’s imperial project both started and ended in northeast China. Another irony—or historical coincidence—lies in the fact that Japan’s quest for empire had both its beginning and end in confrontations with the same country. While its victory over the ailing Russian Empire in 1905 set Japan on the path to imperial expansion, it was Soviet Russia that delivered, at the end of World War II, the last blow to Japan’s empire. In a matter of four decades, the tables of history had turned Japan from the glorious victor in the Russo-Japanese War to a “defeated nation.”

Keywords

Postwar Period Democratic Movement Japanese Public Imperial Expansion Japanese Soldier 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    see Carol Gluck, “The Past in the Present,” in Postwar Japan as History, ed. Andrew Gordon (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993), pp. 64–98.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    The phrase “distant neighbors” is from the title of Tsuyoshi Hasegawa, Jonathan Haslam, and Andrew Kuchins, eds., Russia and Japan: An Unresolved Dilemma Between Distant Neighbors (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Andrew E. Barshay’s The Gods Left First: The Captivity and Repatriation of Japanese POWs in Northeast Asia, 1945–56 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Lori Watt, When Empire Comes Home: Repatriation and Reintegration in Postwar Japan (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2009);Google Scholar
  5. Yoshikuni Igarashi, “Belated Homecomings: Japanese Prisoners of War in Siberia and their Return to Post-war Japan,” in Prisoners of War, Prisoners of Peace: Captivity, Homecoming and Memory in World War II, ed. Bob Moore and Barbara Hately-Broad (Oxford: Berg, 2005).Google Scholar
  6. 4.
    Sebastian Conrad, “Entangled Memories: Versions of the Past in Germany and Japan, 1945–2001,” Journal of Contemporary History 38, no. 1 (2003): 87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. See also, The Quest for the Lost Nation: Writing History in Germany and Japan in the American Century (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010).Google Scholar
  8. 5.
    John W. Dower, Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Aftermath of World War II (London: Penguin, 2000).Google Scholar
  9. 7.
    see Philip A. Seaton, Japan’s Contested War Memories: The Memory Rifts in Historical Consciousness of World War II (London: Routledge, 2007), p. 93;Google Scholar
  10. Nobuo Shimotomai, Nippon reisenshi: Teikoku no hōkai kara gojūgonen taisei he (Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten, 2011).Google Scholar
  11. 8.
    see Louise Young, Japan’s Total Empire: Manchuria and the Culture of Wartime Imperialism (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998).Google Scholar
  12. see Barak Kushner, The Thought War: Japanese Imperial Propaganda (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2006).Google Scholar
  13. 10.
    See Henry Frei, “Japan and Australia in Karl Haushofer’s Geopolitics of the Pacific Ocean,” The Journal of International Studies (Institute of International Relations, Sophia University, Tokyo), no. 22 (January 1989).Google Scholar
  14. 12.
    Among the memoirs of Manchuria, a recollection by Tadayuki Furumi stands out: Wasureenu Manshūkoku (Tokyo: Keizai Ōraisha, 1978).Google Scholar
  15. See also Mariko Tamanoi, Memory Maps: the State and Manchuria in Postwar Japan (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2009).Google Scholar
  16. 13.
    Setsuo Hirade, Shiberia ni uzumeta karute (Tokyo: Bungeisha, 2000), p. 5, added emphasis.Google Scholar
  17. 14.
    Junko Miyawaki, Sekaishi no naka no Manshü teikoku (Tokyo: PHP Shinsho, 2006), p. 219.Google Scholar
  18. 15.
    Also, Makio Okabe, “Shiryō ga kataru: Manshūkoku tōchi no jijō,” Sekai, no. 6 (1998): 163.Google Scholar
  19. 16.
    Asahi Shimbun, Shimbun to Shōwa (Tokyo: Asahi Shimbun Shuppan, 2010).Google Scholar
  20. 17.
    Annika A. Culver, Glorify the Empire: Japanese Avant-Garde Propaganda in Manchukuo (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2013).Google Scholar
  21. 19.
    Takeshi Ōtsuka, Toshio Kikuchi, and Kintarō Katō, “Shiberia yokuryūsha zadankai: Onshū no arara ni musubareta kizuna,” Bungei Shunjū, no. 9 (2014): 329–30.Google Scholar
  22. 21.
    Aleksandr Koshelev, ed., Ia dralsia s samuraiami (Moscow: Eksmo, 2005).Google Scholar
  23. 22.
    Tadayuki Furumi, “Manshū teikoku no saigo wo mite,” in “Bungei shunjū” ni miru Shōwashi, ed. Kazutoshi Handō (Tokyo: Bunshun Bunko, 1995), p. 142.Google Scholar
  24. 23.
    Tei Fujiwara, Nagareru hoshi wa ikite iru (Tokyo: Hibiya shuppansha, 1949),Google Scholar
  25. quoted in Ryūichi Narita, Sensō keiken no sengoshi: Katarareta taiken/shōgen/kioku (Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten, 2010), p. 88.Google Scholar
  26. 24.
    Yu-ha Park, “Hikiage bungakuron josetsu—sengo bungaku no wasure-mono,” Nippon Gakuhō 81, (2009): 121–31.Google Scholar
  27. 31.
    Shirō Shimada, “Soren yokuryūki”, in Horyo Taikenki, vol. 3, West of Ural Mountains (Tokyo: Society for Recording the Life and Experiences of Japanese POWs in the USSR, 1984), p. 86.Google Scholar
  28. 32.
    Terumichi Ōsako, “Shinu omoitsuzuku jigoku no shūyōjo Taishet,” in Senba taiken: “Koe” ga kataritsugu Shōwa, ed. Asahi Shimbunsha (Tokyo: Asahi Bunko, 2005), p. 177.Google Scholar
  29. 34.
    See V. F. Zima, “Golod v Rossii 1946–1947 gg.,” Otechestvennaia istoriia 1 (1993).Google Scholar
  30. 39.
    Viktor Berdinskikh, “Problemy ekonomiki Vyatlaga (1938–1960),” in Istoriia stalinizma: Prinuditel’nii trud v SSSR. Ekonomika, politika, pamiat’, eds., L. I. Borodkin, S. A. Krasil’nikov, and O. V. Khlevniuk, (Moscow: Rosspen, 2013).Google Scholar
  31. 44.
    Elena Katasonova, Poslednie plenniki Vtoroi mirovoi voiny: Maloizvestnye stranitsy rossiisko-iaponskikh otnoshenii (Moscow: Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2005), p. 64.Google Scholar
  32. 50.
    See Tomita, “Shimbun hōdō ni miru shiberia yokuryū — beiso kyōchō kara reisen he, 1945–1950 nen,” Yūrashia (Eurasian Studies), May (2013): 7–13.Google Scholar
  33. 53.
    See Tatsuhiko Sakamoto, Shiberia no sei to shi: Rekishi no naka no yokuryūsha (Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten, 1993).Google Scholar
  34. 54.
    see Susan L. Carruthers, Cold War Captives: Imprisonment, Escape, and Brainwashing (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009).Google Scholar
  35. 59.
    Pierre-Yves Saunier, Transnational History (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013), p. 3.Google Scholar
  36. 63.
    see J. A. A. Stockwin, “The Japan Communist Party in the Sino-Soviet Dispute-From Neutrality to Alignment?” in J. A. A. Stockwin, Collected Writings of J.A.A. Stockwin, Part 1 (London: Routledge, 2004), p. 105.Google Scholar
  37. see David Wolff, “Japan and Stalin’s Policy toward Northeast Asia after World War II,” Journal of Cold War Studies 15, no. 2 (Spring 2013).Google Scholar
  38. 66.
    See, for example, Christopher Read, Lenin: A Revolutionary Life (London: Routledge, 2013), pp. 106–41.Google Scholar
  39. 75.
    See Yoshito Okamoto, ed., Zaiso dōhō no seishi to Tokuda yōsei mondai no shinsō (Tokyo: Nikkan Rōdō Tsūshinsha, 1950);Google Scholar
  40. Tadashi Odagiri, “Kan Sueharu: “Bungeiteki shinrigaku e no kokoromi” josetsu (sono 7)”, Hokkaido University of Education — Jōsho shōgai kyōiku kenkyū kiyō 20 (2001): 265–74;Google Scholar
  41. 76.
    See also Shigeharu Tada, Uchinaru Shiberia yokuryū taiken: Ishihara Yoshirō, Kano Buichi, Kan Sueharu no sengoshi (Tokyo: Shakaishisōsha, 1994).Google Scholar
  42. 77.
    Douglas MacArthur, “The Other Minority,” in A Soldier Speaks: Public Papers and Speeches of General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, ed. Major Vorin E. Whan, Jr. (New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1965), pp. 204–9.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Sherzod Muminov 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sherzod Muminov

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations