History of Euro-African Relations: From Yaoundé Convention to Economic Partnership Agreements
The history of Euro-African relations dates back to the first contact of European traders with Africans dwelling in the coastal areas. This first contact led to trade in ivory, gold, and other items that were exchanged for glasses and manufactured products from Europe. This relationship was mutually beneficial and nonthreatening (Bathily, 1994). However, industrial revolution in Europe and the need for slave labor to work in sugar plantations led to the trade in human beings. The transatlantic slave trade lasted for more than 400 years, during which millions of Africans were shipped like commodity to Europe and the Americas (Rodney 1981). Contestation for power and resources among world powers such as France, Britain, and Germany led to the bifurcation and division of the African continent among the super powers at the Berlin Conference of 1884–1885 (Adekeye, 2010). The imperial conquest of Africa paved way for the establishment of full colonial control over the apparatus of government and economy of almost all the countries in the continent.
KeywordsEuropean Union World Trade Organization European Economic Community International Economic Order European Union Market
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