It was a golden time, many centuries ago, when the great cities of Baghdad, Damascus, and Cairo were the most opulent, cultured, literate, and educationally advanced in the world. For hundreds of years the Arab caliphates were dynamic superpowers, beacons of wealth, trade, and learning. Students would travel along the ancient trade routes to learn at the feet of Middle Eastern scholars—in effect, providing some of the first examples education exchange. But as civilizations rose and fell, the period of academic supremacy was destined to become a part of a distant past. Today, higher education in the MENA region is in need of scholarly repair. Especially in recent years, growing numbers of educators and leaders in the Middle East have determined to reverse that educational decline and retrieve their ancient status.


Saudi Arabia International Student Middle East Middle Eastern Unpaved Road 
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© Teresa Brawner Bevis 2016

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  • Teresa Brawner Bevis

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