Introduction: The Dynamics of Global Labour Division
The globalization of societal life looks back upon a long history (O’Rourke and Williamson 2002; Osterhammel and Petersson 2006; Stearns 2009). Our present time excels, however, in having made globalization a first-rate topic of social science research, public debate and politics. Among many other themes, the distribution of affluence in the world is of special importance. The unequal distribution of affluence worldwide has become an ever more significant problem for global politics since the end of the Second World War at the latest (Sen 1992, 1999). A variety of territorial and cross-national conflicts can be ascribed to the unequal distribution of affluence worldwide (Senghaas 2004). For the time being, international terrorism is fed to a considerable extent by the worldwide inequality as regards participation in global affluence. In the course of time, an extremely unequal level of development has been attained in the world’s different regions (Shorrocks and van der Hoeven 2004; Kanbur and Venables 2005; Nederveen Pieterse and Rehbein 2009; Peet and Hartwick 2009; Kremer et al. 2010). Compared with 1950, the global gross national product (GNP) per capita increased to 250 per cent its value by 1992 (adjusted by purchasing power).
KeywordsWorld Trade Organization Global Trade World Society Labour Division Civic Association
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