Leadership, Nation, and Subjectivity in Cameroon: Ahidjo’s “Citizenization” and Biya’s “Autochthonization” in Comparative Perspectives

  • Basile Ndjio
Part of the African Histories and Modernities book series (AHAM)


In the past, I was told that I was a citoyen camerounais (Cameroonian citizen), but now I am considered an originaire de l’Ouest-Cameroun (fellow from the western region of Cameroon). Who knows, tomorrow I would probably be viewed as a foreigner in my own country—An informant in Douala, November 13, 2009.


Ethnic Identity Political Leadership National Unity Official Discourse Electoral Village 


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