Advertisement

Extreme Violence and Massacres during the First World War: A Comparative Study of the Armenian Genocide and German Atrocities in the Canadian Press (1914–1919)

  • Joceline Chabot
  • Richard Godin
  • Sylvia Kasparian
Part of the Palgrave Studies in the History of Genocide book series (PSHG)

Abstract

The First World War brought extreme violence to the battlefields of Europe and to its civilian population. Following the invasion of Belgium and northern France, during the summer and fall of 1914, German troops resorted to abuses and slaughter against Belgian and French civilians (Horne & Kramer, 2001). French, Belgian and British authorities quickly set up inquiries, and they produced reports denouncing “German atrocities.” A few months later, in the spring of 1915, news from the Ottoman Empire described systematic massacres, wide-scale deportations and the slaughtering of the Armenian civil population (Kévorkian, 2011). In May 1915, in a joint statement, the Triple Entente — France, Great Britain and Russia — accused the Turkish government of “crimes against humanity and civilization” (Racine, 2006: 3–8).

Keywords

Civilian Population Hague Convention Extreme Violence German Occupation Turkish Government 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adjemian, B. & Nichanian M. (2013) Du centenaire de 14–18 à celui de 1915. Quelle place pour la Grande Guerre dans la commémoration du génocide arménien? Études arméniennes contemporaines, 2: 65–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anscombre, J. C. (1994) L’insoutenable légèreté morphologique du préfixe négatif IN-dans la formation d’adjectifs, LINX 5, 299–321.Google Scholar
  3. Becker, A. (2003) L’extermination des Arméniens, entre dénonciation, indifférence et oubli, de 1915 aux années vingt, Revue d’histoire de la Shoah, 177–178, 295–312.Google Scholar
  4. Becker, A. & Winter, J. (2010) Le génocide arménien et les réactions de l’opinion internationale, in J. Horne (ed.), Vers la guerre totale. Le Tournant de 1914–1915 (Paris, Tallendier), 291–313.Google Scholar
  5. Bryce, J. (1916) The Treatment of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire. Documents presented to Viscount Grey of Fallodon, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (London: H. M. Stationery Office).Google Scholar
  6. Castonguay, J. (2003) C’était la guerre à Québec, 1939–1945 (Montréal: Art global).Google Scholar
  7. Chambers, E. J. (1996) Rapport sur le service de la Censure de la presse canadienne. Première Guerre mondiale, in C. Beauregard, R. Comeau and J.-P. Gagnon (eds.), Le Canada français et les conflits contemporains, Cahiers d’histoire politique, 2: 229. Actes du colloque tenu à l’Université du Québec à Montréal, le 27 août 1995.Google Scholar
  8. Cyr, M.-A. (2008) De l’engagement à la révolte, les Canadiens français et les guerres mondiales, Argument, 10(2).Google Scholar
  9. Charaudeau, P. (1992) Grammaire du sens et de l’expression (Paris, Hachette Éducation).Google Scholar
  10. Coutard, J. (1999) Des valeurs en guerre. Presse, propagande et culture de guerre au Québec 1914–1918, Thèse de doctorat, Département d’histoire, Faculté des lettres, Université Laval, Québec, volume 1.Google Scholar
  11. De Bonville, J. (1988) La presse québécoise de 1884 à 1914: Genèse d’un média de masse (Québec: Presses de l’Université Laval).Google Scholar
  12. De Bonville, J. (1996) Le discours des Évêques québécois sur la presse de 1850 à 1914, Études d’histoire religieuse, 62: 49–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gumz, J. E. (2009) The Resurrection and Collapse of Empire in Habsburg Serbia, 1914–1918 (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar
  14. Horne, J. (1994) Les mains coupées: atrocités allemandes et opinion française en 1914, in J.-J. Becker (ed.), Guerre et cultures, 1914–1918 (Paris, Armand Colin): 133–146.Google Scholar
  15. Horne, J. (2004) Propagande et vérité dans la Grande Guerre, in C. Prochasson & A. Rasmussen (eds), Vrai et faux dans la Grande Guerre (Paris, La Découverte): 76–95.Google Scholar
  16. Horne, J. & Kramer A. (2001) German Atrocities 1914. A History of Denial (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press).Google Scholar
  17. Keshen, J. A. (1996) Propaganda and Censorship during Canada’s Great War (Edmonton: University of Alberta Press).Google Scholar
  18. Kévorkian, R. (2011) The Armenian Genocide. A Complete history (London: I. B. Tauris).Google Scholar
  19. Knezevic, J. (2011) Reclaiming Their City: Belgraders and the Combat against Habsburg Propaganda through Rumours, 1915–1918, in S. Goebel & D. Keene, Cities into the Battlefields. Metropolitan Scenarios, Experiences and Commemorations of Total War (Aldershot: Ashgate): 101–118.Google Scholar
  20. Levert, M. (2004) Le Québec sous le règne d’Anastasie: l’expérience censoriale durant la Première Guerre mondiale, Revue d’histoire de l’Amérique française, 57(3), 333–364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Legrand, H. & Croce, G. M. (2010) L’Œuvre d’Orient. Solidarités anciennes et nouveaux défis (Paris: Éditions du Cerf).Google Scholar
  22. Mendez Nogales y, R. (1926) Four Years Beneath the Crescent (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons).Google Scholar
  23. Prochasson, C. (2003) Sur les atrocités allemandes: la guerre comme représentation, Annales, Histoire, Sciences sociales, 58(4): 879–894.Google Scholar
  24. Racine, J.-B. (2006) Le génocide des Arméniens. Origine et permanence du crime contre l’humanité (Paris: Dalloz).Google Scholar
  25. Sarafian, A. (1998) The Archive Trail. Authentication of the Treatment of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire, 1915–16, in R. G. Hovannisian (ed.), Remembrance and Denial: The Case of the Armenian Genocide (Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press): 51–66.Google Scholar
  26. Schabas, W. A. (2000) Genocide in International Law. The Crime of Crimes (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar
  27. Schaepdriyver, S. de (1999) Occupation, propaganda, and the idea of Belgium, in A. Roshwald & R. Strites (eds), European, Culture in the Great War: The Arts, Entertainment, and Propaganda, 1914–1918 (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press): 267–294.Google Scholar
  28. Ussher, C. D. (1917) An American Physician in Turkey. A Narrative of Adventures in Peace and War (Boston: Houghton Mifflin).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Joceline Chabot, Richard Godin and Sylvia Kasparian 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joceline Chabot
  • Richard Godin
  • Sylvia Kasparian

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations