The Rise of Revolutionary Salafism in Post-Mubarak Egypt

  • Stéphane Lacroix
  • Ahmed Zaghloul Shalata
Part of the The Sciences Po Series in International Relations and Political Economy book series (SPIRP)


In Egypt, like in the other countries affected by the Arab Spring, Islamists were not in the vanguard of the revolution. It took the Muslim Brotherhood and its disciples only a few days to join the movement, whereas it took considerably longer for most Salafis to throw their support behind the protests. It was only on February 8, 2011 that the Salafi Call in Alexandria (al-da’wa al-salafiyya), the largest “mass” Salafi organization, officially authorized members to join the events in Tahrir Square. Once Mubarak was overthrown, on February 11, the Islamists again left the square. Beginning in April 2011, when the demonstrations resumed with some strength, the leftist young people and those with no particular ideological affiliation were again at the forefront, this time targeting the Supreme Council of Armed Forces (SCAF).


Charismatic Leader Muslim Brotherhood Islamist Movement Youth Movement Supreme Council 
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  1. 1.
    For the first use of this term, see Khalil al-’Anani, “The sheikh president,” al-Ahram Hebdo, April/May 2012, (accessed February 22, 2015); see also Stéphane Lacroix, “Sheikhs and Politicians: Inside the New Egyptian Salafism,” Brookings Doha Center, June 2012.Google Scholar

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© Stéphane Lacroix and Ahmed Zaghloul Shalata 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stéphane Lacroix
  • Ahmed Zaghloul Shalata

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