Between Social Populism and Pragmatic Conservatism

  • Amr Adly
Part of the The Sciences Po Series in International Relations and Political Economy book series (SPIRP)


What were the Muslim Brotherhood’s main economic and social orientations during its brief experience in power? Is it possible to identify the components of an Isla m ist economic doctrine? Were the Brotherhood ’s economic views at odds with economic governance during the Mubarak era or did they fall in line with past policies? Can the political failure of the Islamists be explained by their inability to overcome the structural contradictions of Egypt’s political economy? The following pages will attempt to answer these questions by examining the “Renaissance” (al-nahda) project that underpinned Mohammed Morsi’s presidential election platform. The concrete initiatives taken by MB legislators during their short stint in power will also be scrutinized.


Minimum Wage Trade Union Islamic Bank Fiscal Year Basic Salary 
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  1. 9.
    See, for instance, Zeinab Abul-Magd, “The Brotherhood’s businessmen,” Egypt Independent, February 13, 2012.Google Scholar
  2. 20.
    United Nations Development Program (UNDP), Arab Development Challenges Report: Towards the Developmental State in the Arab Region (Cairo: UNDP office, 2011), pp. 38–52.Google Scholar
  3. 22.
    In this regard, see the seminal work by Samer Soliman, The Autumn of Dictatorship: Fiscal Crisis and Political Change in Egypt under Mubarak (Redwood: Stanford University Press, 2011).Google Scholar

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