The Labor Movement in the Face of Transition

  • Nadine Abdalla
Part of the The Sciences Po Series in International Relations and Political Economy book series (SPIRP)


In the two years that followed the January 25, 2011 revolution, the number of labor protests in Egypt was still on the rise. There were 1,400 in 2011 and 3,400 in 2012, compared to an annual average of 600 in preceding years.1 Moreover, from 2004 to 2013, more than 1.7 million Egyptians protested in the workplace by resorting to strikes, sitins, or other types of collective action.2


Political Party Trade Union Labor Movement Union Leader Executive Board 
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  1. 1.
    Report by the Children of the Earth Foundation, available at (accessed February 1, 2015). The number of protests went from 266 in 2006 to 614 in 2007, 630 in 2008, 700 in 2009, and 484 in 2010. See also Joel Beinin, “Workers and Egypt’s January 25 Revolution,” International Labor and Working-Class History, no. 80 (Autumn 2011): 191; and Joel Beinin, “Workers, Trade Unions and Egypt’s Political Future,” Middle East Report, January 2013. Available at (accessed March 3, 2015).Google Scholar
  2. 16.
    Françoise Clément, “Elections ouvrières: entre fraude et chasse aux Frères masqués,” Chroniques Egyptiennes 2006 (CEDEJ, 2007): 74–75.Google Scholar
  3. 30.
    Kamal Abbas, “The Situation of Workers in Egypt, between New Labor Relations and an Old Trade Union Organisation” (ahwal al-‘ummal fi masr bayn ’ilaqat ’amal jadida wa munazzama niqabiyya qadima). (accessed February 1, 2015).Google Scholar
  4. 37.
    For more information on the April 6, 2008, strike, see Marie Duboc, “Le 6 avril: un jour de col è re sans grèves,” in Iman Farag (ed.), Chroniques 2008 (CEDEJ, 2009).Google Scholar
  5. See also Nadine Abdalla, “Grève du 6 avril en Egypte: avortement d’un mouvement ouvrier naissant,” (accessed February 1, 2015).Google Scholar

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© Nadine Abdalla 2016

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  • Nadine Abdalla

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