Advertisement

Port-to-Port Collaboration

  • Henk Ruessink
  • Deborah Kopsick
  • Robert Heiss
  • Meredith R. Koparova
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Green Criminology book series (PSGC)

Abstract

Port-to-port collaboration is essential to enable countries to detect and deter illegal shipments of hazardous and electronic waste. This cooperation is broadly defined in the seaport environmental security context. Enforcement cooperation activities can be any type of formal or informal exchange of information or expertise on environmental compliance and enforcement related matters. Effective enforcement can help create a level playing field for regulated industries domestically and internationally, resolve and prevent transboundary environmental problems, create efficiencies in the development of tools and programmes, and foster the political will needed to strengthen implementation of environmental standards (INECE, 2011).

Keywords

Hazardous Waste United Nations Environment Programme Environmental Crime Electronic Waste Environmental Compliance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Akella, A.S. and Cannon, J.B. (2004), Strengthening the Weakest Links: Strategies for Improving the Enforcement of Environmental Laws Globally. Washington, DC: Center for Conservation and Governance, Conservation International.Google Scholar
  2. CEC (2013), Hazardous Trade? An Examination of US-generated Spent Lead-acid Battery Exports and Secondary Lead Recycling in Canada, Mexico, and the US. Available at http://www.cec.org/Page.asp?PageID=751&SiteNodeID=1075 (accessed 21 January 2015).
  3. Dill, D. and Kopsick, D. (2014), ‘Improving Cooperation between Customs and Environmental Agencies: Approaches to Working Together at Seaports to Prevent Illegal Transboundary Shipments of Hazardous Waste’, World Customs Journal, 8(2), September. Available at http://www.worldcustomsjournal.org/ (accessed 21 January 2015).
  4. Duan, H., Miller, T.R., Gregory, J., and Kirchain, R. (2013), Quantitative Characterization of Domestic and Transboundary Flows of Used Electronics: Analysis of Generation, Collection, and Export in the United States. Available at http://step-initiative.org/tl_files/step/_documents/MIT-NCER%20US%20Used%20 Electronics%20Flows%20Report%20-%20December%202013.pdf (accessed 8 March 2014).
  5. Europol (2013), Threat Assessment: Environmental Crime in the EU. Available at https://www.europol.europa.eu/sites/default/files/publications/4aenvironmental_crime_threatassessment_2013_-_public_version.pdf (accessed 20 January 2015).
  6. FAS (2000), International Crime Threat Assessment (December). Available at https://www.fas.org/irp/threat/pub45270chap2.html#6 (accessed 20 January 2015).
  7. The Guardian (2013), ‘Toxic ‘E-waste’ Dumped in Poor Nations, Says United Nations’, 14 December. Available at http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2013/dec/14/toxic-ewaste-illegal-dumping-developing-countries (accessed 20 January 2015).
  8. Heiss, R. (2011), ‘Illegal Exports of Hazardous Waste and Used Electronic Products: Enhancing Collaborative Enforcement with Customs’, in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Environmental Compliance and Enforcement, INECE Secretariat. Available at http://inece.org/conference/9/proceedings/24_Heiss. pdf (accessed 21 January 2015).
  9. ILO (2012), The Global Impact of E-waste: Addressing the Challenge. Available at http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_dialogue/---sector/documents/publication/wcms_196105.pdf (accessed 8 March 2014).
  10. INECE (2011), ‘Whistler Statement’, in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Environmental Compliance and Enforcement, 5–11 April, Cape Town, South Africa. London: Cameron May, pp. 3–8. Available at http://inece.org/conference/9/WhistlerStatement.pdf (accessed 21 January 2015).
  11. INECE (2012), Second International Hazardous Waste Inspection Project: Results and Recommendations. Available at http://inece.org/resource/sesn-report/ (accessed 21 January 2015).
  12. INTERPOL (2013), Press Release: INTERPOL Operation Targets Illegal Trade of E-waste in Europe, Africa (25 February). Available at http://www.interpol.int/News-and-media/News/2013/N20130225 (accessed 20 January 2015).
  13. Isarin, N. (2008), ‘Inspection and enforcement of hazardous waste and goods: Fostering international cross-border collaboration by the inauguration of a seaport network’, in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Environmental Compliance and Enforcement, 5–11 April, Cape Town, South Africa. London: Cameron May, pp. 391–396.Google Scholar
  14. Kopsick, D. (2011), ‘Requirements for Effective Seaport Environmental Security: Collective Action at the Ports’, in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Environmental Compliance and Enforcement, 20–24 June, International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement (INECE), British Columbia, Canada. Washington: INECE, pp. 222–229. Available at http://inece.org/conference/9/proceedings/29_Kopsick.pdf (accessed 21 January 2015).
  15. Spapens, T. (2011), ‘Cross-Border Police Cooperation in Tackling Environmental Crime’, in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Environmental Compliance and Enforcement, INECE Secretariat. Available at http://www.inece.org/conference/9/papers/Spapens%20Paper_Netherlands_Final.pdf (accessed 21 January 2015).
  16. UNEP (2012), Vital Waste Graphics 3. Available at http://www.grida.no/publica-tions/vg/waste3/ (accessed 9 March 2014).
  17. VOA (Voice of America) (2006), Ivory Coast Government Panel Releases Toxic Waste Findings. Available at http://www.voanews.com/content/a-13-2006-11-23-voa22/319097.html (accessed 30 January 2015).

Copyright information

© Henk Ruessink, Deborah Kopsick, Robert Heiss, and Meredith R. Koparova 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henk Ruessink
  • Deborah Kopsick
  • Robert Heiss
  • Meredith R. Koparova

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations