Capacity Building and Collaboration: Enforcement Training to Build Capacity that Ensures Environmental Protection

  • Davis Jones
  • Ivan Honorato
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Green Criminology book series (PSGC)


In order for any environmental regulatory approach to be effective, there must be a strong rule of law with a comprehensive enforcement programme that promotes and enforces compliance with the law, and that will encourage the regulated community to comply with the law (Zaelke et al., 2005). In addition, there must be adequate capacity within the country to implement the laws, both by the regulated community and by the government and civil society (Jones, 2008). ‘Capacity’ should be considered widely: the capacity for legislatures and parliaments to write enforceable laws; the capacity for environmental ministries to translate the law into effective regulations, permits, and other controls; the capacity for industry and other polluters to understand and comply with the law; the capacity for civil society and the public to oversee and hold accountable the government and the regulated community; and the capacity for police, inspectors, prosecutors, and judges1 to inspect for compliance, investigate violations, and enforce the law.


Environmental Crime Environmental Compliance Classroom Training Environmental Inspection Environmental Enforcement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. AELERT (n.d.), ‘Australasian Environmental Law Enforcement and Regulators Network Website’. Available at
  2. Akella, A.S. and Cannon, J.B. (2004), Strengthening the Weakest Links: Strategies for Improving the Enforcement of Environmental Laws Globally. Washington, DC: Conservation International.Google Scholar
  3. Consejo Directivo, Organismo de Evaluación y Fiscalización Ambiental (2013), Reglamento de Supervisión Directa del Organismo de Evaluación y Fiscalización Ambiental — OEFA, Resolución de Consejo Directiveo Numero 007–2013-OEFA/CD, 28 February.Google Scholar
  4. European Commission (1997), Communication of the European Commission of 5 November 1996 on Implementing Community Environmental Law. Available at (accessed 19 February 2015).
  5. European Parliament and Council (2001), Recommendation of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 April 2001 Providing for Minimum Criteria for Environmental Inspections in the Member States. Available at (accessed 19 February 2015).
  6. Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Chile (2003), Agreement on Environmental Cooperation. Available at (accessed 19 January 2015).
  7. IMPEL (European Union Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental Law) (2003), Best Practices Concerning Training and Qualification for Environmental Inspectors. Available at rmalafterathens.pdf (accessed 19 February 2015).
  8. INECE (International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement) (2008), Performance Measurement Guidance for Compliance and Enforcement Practitioners. Available at (accessed 17 February 2015).
  9. INECE (2009), Principles of Environmental Compliance and Enforcement Handbook (2nd edition). USEPA: Washington, ch. 2, pp. 3–9.Google Scholar
  10. INTERPOL (International Criminal Policing Organization (2014), Pollution Crime Forensic Investigation Manual, Volume I of II. Lyon: INTERPOL. Available at (accessed 12 February 2015).
  11. Jones, D.W. (2008), ‘The Relationship between Trade and Effective Enforcement’, in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Environmental Compliance and Enforcement, 5–11 April, Cape Town, South Africa. London: Cameron May, pp. 177–183.Google Scholar
  12. McAtee, J. and Dillon, D.M. (2012), ‘Investigating Environmental Crime’, FLETC Journal, 10(2) (Fall), 25–29.Google Scholar
  13. Ministerio del Medio Ambiente de Chile (2013), Resolución 276 & 277, Dicta e Instruye Normas de Carácter General Sobre el Procedimiento de Fiscalización Ambiental de Normas De Calidad, Normas De Emisión Y Planes De Prevención Y/O Descontaminación, 4 April.Google Scholar
  14. NETI (National Enforcement Training Institute) (n.d.), Environmental Training for Government Enforcement Personnel. Available at (accessed 19 January 2015).
  15. Pink, G. (2008), ‘Building Regulatory Capacity in Environmental Agencies: Through Tailored Training’, in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Environmental Compliance and Enforcement, 5–11 April, Cape Town, South Africa. London: Cameron May, pp. 225–233.Google Scholar
  16. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement (2004), Available at (accessed 19 January 2015).
  17. United States Environmental Protection Agency (2002), EPA Order 3500.1A1: Training and Development for Individuals Who Lead Compliance Inspections/Field Investigations, 23 December. Available at (accessed 19 January 2015).
  18. United States Pollution Prosecution Act (1990).Google Scholar
  19. Zaelke, D., Kaniaru, D., and Kruzikova, E. (eds) (2005), Making Law Work: Environmental Compliance and Sustainable Development (Volumes I and II). London: Cameron May, ch. 1, pp. 29–51.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Davis Jones and Ivan Honorato 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Davis Jones
  • Ivan Honorato

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations