Counterinsurgency as Genocidal Intent: From the Ottoman Christians to the Bosnian Muslims

  • Hannibal Travis
Part of the Palgrave Studies in the History of Genocide book series (PSHG)


According to publications and statements by the Turkish government, the question of genocide in the late Ottoman Empire is ultimately a question of intent. The Turkish Foreign Ministry, as well as many contemporary Turkish and US-based scholars, argues that Ottoman imperial leaders lacked genocidal intent during the First World War and its aftermath because Armenians, Assyrians and Greeks rebelled against the government, killed Turkish and Kurdish civilians, and survived in some areas of the empire, including Constantinople, Smyrna, Aleppo and Mosul. These factors allegedly indicate an intention on the part of Ottoman officials to engage in military operations rather than to target civilian communities for destruction.


International Criminal Appeal Chamber Trial Chamber International Tribunal Joint Criminal Enterprise 
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Copyright information

© Hannibal Travis 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hannibal Travis
    • 1
  1. 1.Florida International University College of LawUSA

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