Using Industrialization to Raise Urban Living Standards
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) focused almost exclusively on the evident widespread poverty and the income divide manifested in the economic structures of the richest and the poorest countries of the world and proceeded to set clear goals to halve poverty over a 15-year period. What they did not pay direct attention to were the ways and means to deal with poverty and related vulnerabilities. This chapter addresses this issue, which has now been taken up under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We suggest that Africa’s relative economic backwardness is in large part a result of its industrial and technological backwardness. In this chapter, we propose pathways to reduce persistent poverty and raise living standards. In doing so, we provide broad theoretical and empirical evidence from case studies that can be broadly applicable to other African settings.
KeywordsIndustrial Policy United Nations Development Program Multidimensional Poverty Industrial Cluster Toilet Facility
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