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Peace, Unity, and Justice for All: Problems and Prospects of Transitional Justice in a Reunified Korea

  • Greg Scarlatoiu
Part of the Asan-Palgrave Macmillan Series book series (APMS)

Abstract

There are multiple interpretations of transitional justice, but two of the definitions appear to be more common than others. Transitional justice may be viewed as a response to systematic or widespread violations of human rights. Transitional justice seeks recognition for victims and promotion of possibilities for peace, reconciliation, and democracy. Transitional justice is not a special form of justice but justice adapted to societies transforming themselves after a period of pervasive human rights abuses. In some cases, these transformations happen suddenly; in other cases, the transformation may span decades.1 The notion of transitional justice may also be seen as encompassing the full range of processes and mechanisms associated with a society’s attempts to come to terms with a legacy of large-scale egregious past abuses, to ensure accountability, to serve justice, and to achieve reconciliation. These may include both judicial and nonjudicial mechanisms, with or without various levels of international involvement and individual prosecutions, reparations, truth-seeking, institutional reform, vetting, and dismissals, or a combination thereof.2 In the case of a reunified Korea, transitional justice aiming to overcome the legacy of decades of severe human rights violations in North Korea would ultimately seek to achieve lasting peace, national unity and justice for all citizens.

Keywords

Korean Peninsula Security Council International Criminal Court State Security Department Transitional Justice 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 2.
    UN Security Council, The Rule of Law and Transitional Justice in Conflict and Post-conflict Societies: Report of the Secretary-General to the Security Council, UN Doc. S/2004/616, August 23, 2004, http://www.unrol.org/files/2004%20report.pdf.Google Scholar
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    UN Human Rights Council, Report of the Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in the Democratic Republic of Korea, UN Doc.A/HRC/25/63, February 17, 2014, http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/CoIDPRK/Pages/ReportoftheCommissionoflnquiryDPRK.aspx.Google Scholar
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    UN Human Rights Council, Report on the Situation of Human Rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, UN Doc. A/HRC/25/L.17, March 26, 2014.Google Scholar
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    David Hawk, North Korea’s Hidden Gulag: Interpreting Reports of Changes in The Prison Camps (Washington, DC: Committee for Human Rights in North Korea, 2013), 20–21.Google Scholar
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    Ken E. Gause, Coercion, Control, Surveillance, and Punishment: An Examination of the North Korean Police State (Washington, DC: Committee for Human Rights in North Korea, 2012), 17.Google Scholar
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    Lavinia Stan and Nadya Nedelsky, eds., Encyclopedia of Transitional Justice, Volume 1 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Baek Buhm-Suk and Ruti G. Teitel 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Greg Scarlatoiu

There are no affiliations available

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