Since the beginning of human civilization, humanity has been looking for the best form of government. For thousands of years, our political systems constantly evolved with the changing political values and the progress of human civilizations, until the late 1980s — when it was claimed that this evolution had met an end. The collapse of the communist regimes in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union appeared to both mark the death knell of communism and suggest the superiority of Western liberal democracy. Since then, Western liberal democracy has been claimed as “the end point of mankind’s ideological evolution” and “the final form of human government” (Fukuyama, 1989). It seemed that, sooner or later, Western liberal democracy — the so-called “best” political system and the “ultimate” achievement of humanity — would defeat all other forms of political systems (of inferior quality) and become the only form of government in the world.


Chinese Communist Party Liberal Democracy Authoritarian Rule Chinese Intellectual Regime Legitimacy 
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© Jinghan Zeng 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jinghan Zeng
    • 1
  1. 1.Royal HollowayUniversity of LondonUK

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