Layeha—the Code of Conduct of the Taliban

  • Yoshinobu Nagamine


In 2006, the Taliban movement issued a Code of Conduct called the Jihadi Layeha for the first time.1 Layeha stands for rule or program in Arabic,2 and its existence was first reported in a Swiss weekly in November 2006.3 The journal also featured an interview with a Taliban governor, according to whom the Layeha was first distributed at a one-day strategic meeting in a bunker of a mosque “somewhere in a mountainous area” during Ramadan in 2006.4 In July 2009, Al Jazeera then reported a second version of the Layeha, which is more detailed and elaborated in content along a clearer structure than the previous one.5 Finally, a third edition of the Layeha appeared in 2010 with further amendments and new provisions.6 How is the Layeha to be interpreted in the light of the Taliban’s legitimization strategy?


Civilian Protection Common People Internal Audience External Consumption Suicide Bombing 
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© Yoshinobu Nagamine 2015

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  • Yoshinobu Nagamine

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