Inequality of Opportunity in Human Development

  • Ragui Assaad
  • Caroline Krafft
Part of the International Economic Association Series book series (IEA)


A strong concern with social justice has permeated the politics of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region in recent years and has undoubtedly served as a strong impetus for the tumultuous events that have come to be broadly known as “the Arab Spring” (Diwan, 2013; Richards et al., 2014; Verme et al., 2014). Yet by conventional measures of inequality, such as the Gini indices for household consumption, the MENA region does not stand out as particularly unequal (Bibi & Nabli, 2009; Hassine, 2015).1 One reason that people in MENA may perceive existing levels of social injustice as unacceptable may have to do with the nature of inequality in the region, especially the perception that there is a lack of a “level playing field,” in terms of the life chances and the opportunities individuals face. There appears to be a widespread perception that people’s life chances are determined by factors outside of their control, such as social class, ethnicity, or where they live.


Wealth Quintile Dissimilarity Index Vulnerable Child Early Health Egyptian Child 
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© International Economic Association 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ragui Assaad
  • Caroline Krafft

There are no affiliations available

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