Regional and Global Integration

  • Ishac Diwan
  • El Mouhoub Mouhoud
Part of the International Economic Association Series book series (IEA)


In the past 50 years, the MENA region has been integrated to the world economy through two main channels: the sale of oil, and labor migration. Labor migration, in retrospect, acted as the main way to redistribute oil revenues from the oil exporting to the importing countries, especially those in the Mashrek region, greatly benefitting millions of households. The migration of mostly unskilled workers from the Maghreb to Europe, during its period of fast growth, played a similar role. But migration will almost certainly never again boom as it did in the past.


Foreign Direct Investment Saudi Arabia Trade Liberalization Labor Migration Arab Country 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© International Economic Association 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ishac Diwan
  • El Mouhoub Mouhoud

There are no affiliations available

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