Transition Experiences: A Statistical Analysis
In 2011, the people of Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Yemen toppled autocratic regimes that had governed these nations for decades. The revolutions brought hope for democracy and prosperity in these countries, with more voice for the citizens, accountability of the government, and more opportunities for the youth. Completing the transition to democratic rule has proven more difficult than initially envisioned, as the elections in Egypt and Tunisia resulted in only short-lived governments. Meanwhile unrest has spread rapidly in Libya and Yemen, while Syria descended into civil war as the opposition failed to remove the long-term dictator. In contrast, the Kingdoms of Jordan and Morocco responded to demands for change with partial reform, resulting in less unrest and more consistent economic growth.
KeywordsEurope Hydrocarbon Income Syria Agglomeration
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