Muslim-State Relations in Sri Lanka: A Challenge for Post-Conflict Reconciliation

  • Amjad Saleem
Part of the The Modern Muslim World book series (MMUS)

Abstract

On May 18, 2009, the prolonged separatist conflict in Sri Lanka between the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) and the Government of Sri Lanka (GOSL) came to an end with the death of the LTTE Leader Vellupillai Prabhakaran (VP),1 signaling the conclusion of one of the most turbulent periods of Sri Lanka’s history. The LTTE had been a powerful military force and a ruthless terrorist force, and had controlled territory running a civil administration in the North and East of Sri Lanka for many years. People directly and indirectly affected by the conflict number in their hundreds of thousands,2 while the conflict succeeded in polarizing different communities that make up Sri Lankan society.

Keywords

Europe Rubber Income Galle Posite 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. al-Ahsan, Abdullah, (1992), Ummah or Nation? Identity Crisis in Contemporary Muslim Society. Leicester: The Islamic Foundation.Google Scholar
  2. Ali, A., (1984), “Islamic Revivalism in Harmony and Conflict: The Experience in Sri Lanka and Malaysia,” Asian Survey, 24(3), pp. 296–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ali, Ameer, (1997), “The Muslim Factor in Sri Lankan Ethnic Crisis,” Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, 17(2) (October), pp. 253–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Azeez, A. M. A., (1907), A Criticism of Mr. Mr. Ramanathan’s Ethnology of the Moors of Ceylon. Colombo: Colombo Moors’ Union.Google Scholar
  5. Commonwealth Foundation, (2007), Engaging with Faith: Report of the Commonwealth Foundation Project on Improving Understanding and Cooperation between Different Faith Communities (2005–2007), Project Report, London: Commonwealth Foundation.Google Scholar
  6. Deegalle, M., (2007), “Buddhist Monks and Political Activism in Sri Lanka,” in P. Broadhead and D. Keown, eds., Can Faiths Make Peace? Holy Wars and the Resolution of Religious Conflicts, London: I. B. Tauris and Co Ltd, pp. 134–148.Google Scholar
  7. Guibernau, Montserrat. (2007), The Identity of Nations. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  8. Gurr, T. R., and Harff Barbara, (1994), Ethnic Conflict in World Politics. Oxford: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  9. Henne, P., T. Shah, and S. Hudgens, (2012), Religious Freedom and Violent Religious Extremism: A Sourcebook of Modern Cases and Analysis. Washington, DC: Georgetown University.Google Scholar
  10. Imtiyaz, A. R. M., (2009), “Eastern Muslims of Sri Lanka: Special Problems and Solutions,” Journal of Asian and African Studies, 44(4) (August), pp. 404–427.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Imtiyaz, A. R. M. and B. Stavris, (2008), “Ethno-Political Conflict in Sri Lanka,” The Journal of Third World Studies, 25(2), Fall, pp. 135–152.Google Scholar
  12. Imtiyaz, A. R. M., and S. R. H. Hoole, (2011), “Some Critical Notes on the Non-Tamil Identity of the Muslims of Sri Lanka, and on Tamil-Muslim Relations,” South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies, 34(2), August, pp. 208–231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ismail, Q., (1997). “Unmooring Identity: The Antinomies of Elite Muslim Self Representation in Modern Sri Lanka.” in P. Jeganathan and Q. Ismail, Umnaking the Nation: The Politics of Identity and History in Modern Sri Lanka, Colombo: SSA. pp. 55–105.Google Scholar
  14. McGilvray, D. B. and M. Raheem, (2007), Muslim Perspectives on the Sri Lankan Conflict, Policy Studies 41, Washington, DC: East-West Centre.Google Scholar
  15. McGilvray, Dennis B., (2008), Crucible of Conflict: Tamil and Muslim Society on the East Coast of Sri Lanka. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. McGilvray, Dennis B., (2011), “Sri Lankan Muslims: Between Ethno-Nationalism and the Global Ummah.” Nations and Nationalism, 17(1), pp. 45–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Nissan, E., and R. L. Stirrat, “The Generation of Communal Identities,” in J. Spencer (ed.), Sri Lanka: History and the Roots of Conflict, London: Routledge, 1990. pp. 19–44.Google Scholar
  18. Puniyani, R., (2008), Contemporary India: Overcoming Sectarianism and Terrorism, Hope India, Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  19. Ramanathan, P. (1888). “The Ethnology of the ‘Moors’ of Ceylon.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Ceylon Branch 10(36), pp. 234–62.Google Scholar
  20. Ross, Russell R. and Andrea Matles Savada, (1988), Sri Lanka: A Country Study. Washington, DC: GPO for the Library of Congress.Google Scholar
  21. Stone, J. (1995). “Race, Ethnicity and the Weberian Legacy.” American Behavioural Scientists 38(3), pp. 391–407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Taras, R. and R Ganguly. (2002). Understanding Ethnic Conflict: The International Dimension. New York: Priscilla McGeehon.Google Scholar
  23. Vythilingam, M, (1971), The Life of Sir Ponnambalam Ramanathan,Volume 1. Colombo: Ramanathan Commemoration Society.Google Scholar
  24. Walters, J. S., (1995), “Multireligion on the Bus: Beyond ‘Influence’ and ‘Syncretism’ in the Study of Religious Meetings,” in P. Jeganathan and Q. Ismail (eds.), Unmaking the Nation: The Politics of Identity & History in Modern Sri Lanka, Colombo: Social Scientists’ Association, pp. 34–62.Google Scholar
  25. Yakun, Fathi, (1990), To Be a Muslim. Plainfield, IN: American Trust Publications.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Amjad Saleem 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amjad Saleem

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations