Foucault presented his idea of governmentality during his 1977 and 1979 lectures at the Collège de France. The English-speaking audience came to know about this construct when it was published as “Governmentality” (Burchell et al., 1991, 73–104). Foucault began publishing these lectures systematically in 2004, starting with Security, Territory, Population: Lectures at the Collège de France, 1977–1978. In these lectures, he addresses two interconnected ideas. First, he makes a shift in his own work from the individual context of power relations (e.g., medicine, psychiatry, and prison) to “the exercise of political sovereignty by the state over the entire population” (Foucault, 1998, xx, 111). Second, he views the government as a practice or “conduct of conduct” (xx, 111).
KeywordsGovernmental Rationality Political Sovereignty Nationalist Regime Postcolonial State Strategic Relation
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