Target Suitability and the Crime Drop
The initial focus of Felson’s routine activity perspective was the crime increases of the 1960s and 1970s that were largely a function of inadvertent changes in everyday life (Cohen & Felson, 1979). The rise in crime was an unintended side effect of developments in technology, transportation, and domestic life that were widely welcomed. More money, more consumer goods, more labour-saving devices, more transport, and more employment opportunities for women, for example, all brought benefits to citizens, but they also created more crime opportunities and hence sustained increases in crime.
KeywordsTarget Suitability Vehicle Theft Situational Crime Prevention Security Device Motor Vehicle Theft
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Beckford, M. (2013). Is your phone the one most likely to be stolen? Downing street to publish “risk index” of handsets to encourage shoppers to buy safer models. The Daily Mail, 20 July 2013, at http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2371797/Downing-Street-publish-risk-index-phones-advise-safer-models.html, Accessed 29 January 2014.
- Budd, T. (1999). Burglary of domestic dwellings: Findings from the British crime survey. Home Office Bulletin 4/99. London: Home Office.Google Scholar
- Brown, R. (2004). The effectiveness of electronic immobilisation: Changing patterns of temporary and permanent vehicle theft. In M. G. Maxfield & R. V. Clarke (Eds.), Understanding and preventing car theft. Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press, pp. 101–119.Google Scholar
- Farrell, G. (2013). Five tests for a theory of the crime drop. Crime Science, 2(5) 1–8.Google Scholar
- Farrell, G., Tilley, N. and Tseloni, A. (2014). Why the crime drop. In M. Tonry (Ed.), Why Crime Rates Fall and Why They Don’t, volume 43 of Crime and Justice. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Farrell, G., Tilley, N, Tseloni, A., & Mailley, J. (2008). The crime drop and the security hypothesis. British Society of Criminology Newsletter, 62, 17–21.Google Scholar
- Laycock, G. (2004). The U.K. Car Thelt Index: An example of government leverage. Crime Prevention Studies, 17, 25–44.Google Scholar
- van Ours, J. C, & Vollaard, B. (2013). The engine immobilizer: A non-starter for car thieves. CESifo Working Paper: Public Choice, No. 4092. Centre for Economic Studies and IfoInstitute. Munich: University of Munich.Google Scholar
- van Dijk, J. J. M. (2012). Closing the doors. Stockholm Prizewinner’s Lecture 2012, at http://www.criminologysymposium.com/symposium/event-information/video-clips/previous-years.html. Accessed 30 April 2014.
- Webb, B. (1994). Steering column locks and motor vehicle theft: Evaluations from three countries. Crime Prevention Studies, 2, 71–89.Google Scholar
Open Access This Chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.