Balance of Power Shifts and Energy Interests in Central Asia?
The energy-rich Central Asian states of Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan represent a natural object of desire for the geopolitical interests of their ambitious neighbours. Whether perceived as an important component of multipolar energy security formulas or lands of historical claims for dominance, the three countries are coveted territories that have either much to fear from sharpened appetites, or much to win if they manage to balance their foreign policy or develop their economy under the benevolent support of one of the geopolitical powers surrounding them.
KeywordsForeign Policy Energy Security Energy Information Administration Central Asian Country Power Shift
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Babali, Tuncay (2009) ‘Prospects of Export Roots for Kashagan Oil’, Science Direct, 37(4) April. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421508007088.
- Boersma, Tim (2014) ‘The cancellation of the South Stream Pipeline is a pyrrhic victory, at best’, Brookings. Up Front, 18 December. http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/up-front/posts/2014/12/18-south-stream-pipeline-boersma.
- BP (2011) ‘BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2011’, in BP Statistical Review of World Energy, 45. London: BP.Google Scholar
- Budina, Elena and Raushana Chaltabayeva (2015) ‘Kazakhstan — Merger Control 2015’, International Comparative Legal Guides. http://www.iclg.co.uk/practice-areas/merger-control/merger-control-2015/kazakhstan.
- Carlson, Brian G. (2008) ‘Waving the Banner of Independence: Kazakhstan’s Relations with Russia, China, and the United States’, Yale Journal of International Affairs, (winter). http://yalejournal.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/083104carlson.pdf.
- China’s Foreign Aid (2014) Information Office of the State Council, The People’s Republic of China, July, Beijing. http://english.gov.cn/archive/white_paper/2014/08/23/content_281474982986592.htm.
- Cobanli, Onur (2014) ‘Central Asian Gas in Eurasian Power Game’, Energy Policy, January. http://fmv.euba.sk/files/6_Central_Asian_gas_in_Eurasian_power_ game.pdf.
- European Commission (2011a) Energy, Transport and Environment Indicators — 2011 edition, Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.Google Scholar
- European Commission (2011b) ‘Energy Roadmap 2050’, Brussels, European Commission.Google Scholar
- Fitzpatrick, Catherine A. (2014) ‘Is the Trans-Caspian Pipeline feasible again?’, Natural Gas Europe, 13 November. http://www.naturalgaseurope.com/trans-caspian-pipeline-feasibility.
- Global Security (nd) ‘Military. Energy’. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ world/centralasia/kazak-energy.htm.
- Hydrocarbons-technology.com (nd) ‘Interconnection Turkey Greece Italy (ITGI) Pipeline’. http://www.hydrocarbons-technology.com/projects/turkeygreeceitalypip/.
- Laruelle, Marlene (2008) ‘Russia’s Central Asia Policy and the role of Russian Nationalism’, Central Asia — Caucasus Institute: Silk Road Paper, April 2008, 22. http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=3&ved=0CC4QFjAC&url=http%3A%2F%2Faei.pitt.edu%2F13586%2F1%2FWP3-EN.pdf&ei=l9O_VJzPLJOAgwSDpoOgDQ&usg=AFQjCNElxpEqu8z8X9YZ3TBj6D5 s84pn6A&sig2=GgOMjF2wnFzbyBtOTQW4zQ&bvm=bv.84116906,d.eXY.
- Marketos, Thrassy N. (2009) ‘Eastern Caspian Sea Energy Geopolitics: A Litmus Test for the US — Russia-China Struggle for the Geostrategic Control of Eurasia’, Caucasian Review of International Affairs, 3(1), (Winter). http://www.cria-online.org/6_2.html.
- Savin, Vladislav and Cherng-Shin Ouyang (2013) ‘Analysis of Post-Soviet Central Asia’s Oil and Gas Pipeline Issues’, The Journal of Eurasian Affairs, 25 December. http://www.geopolitica.ru/en/article/analysis-post-soviet-central-asias-oil-gas-pipeline-issues#.VLv2fNKUf4Y.
- Trans Adriatic Pipeline (nd) http://www.tap-ag.com/.
- US Energy Information Administration (2013) ‘Overview of Oil and Natural Gas in the Caspian Sea Region,’ US Energy Information Administration, Caspian Sea Region, 26 August. http://www.eia.gov/countries/regions-topics.cfm?fips=csr.
- US Energy Information Administration (2015) ‘Kazakhstan’, US Energy Information Administration, Caspian Sea Region, 14 January. http://www.eia.gov/countries/country-data.cfm?fips=kz.
- World Oil Outlook (2013) Vienna: OPEC, p. 294. http://www.opec.org/opec_web/flipbook/WOO%202013/WOO%202013/assets/basic-html/page294.html.