Foreign Policy Preferences of Russia’s Energy Sector: A Shift to Asia?
Asia as a strategic priority of Russia’s foreign policy emerged long before the current deep crisis between Moscow and the West over Ukraine. The roots of the Kremlin’s shift eastward go as far back as 1997 when the US made, as a leading Soviet specialist George Kennan put it, a ‘fateful error’ by making a decision to enlarge NATO (Kennan, 1997). 1 At that time Russia’s move to the East was a rather symbolic gesture that resulted in both building a vague Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) to counterbalance an expanded NATO, and introducing the idea of multipolarity, with Russia among several other ‘poles’ to become an alternative to the US-led post-Cold War order.
KeywordsForeign Policy Energy Security Shanghai Cooperation Organization China National Petroleum Corporation Nuclear Power Unit
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