Great Power Foreign Relations in Central Asia: Competition, Cooperation and Congruence
The situation in Central Asia provides a unique opportunity to examine and evaluate foreign policies as they unfold in new states occupying a distinct sub-region that have previously emerged from a larger whole. The states of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan are all part of this phenomenon. They are all located in Central Asia and share borders with one another. All were formerly part of the Soviet Union and became independent only after the USSR’s demise in late 1991. And all have untapped resources which a number of raw materials-hungry industrial nations crave. As a result, four of the world’s great powers — Russia, China, the United States and the European Union — are vying for the chance to bring Central Asia into their respective orbits, and/or to gain access to the potential riches from these nations. Yet each is taking a different approach to reaching its goals in Central Asia. This chapter examines these approaches. Its main purpose is an assessment of the impact of their respective policies on a series of dimensions.
KeywordsForeign Policy Drug Trafficking Silk Road Central Asian Country European Union Commission
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