Advertisement

Eurasian Regionalism: Ideas and Practices

  • Mikhail A. Molchanov

Abstract

Following the dissolution of the USSR in December 1991, Russia emerged as the largest and most powerful of the newly-independent post-Soviet states (NIS). Its post-communist leaders initially appeared keen on shedding the vestiges of the ‘empire’: getting rid of what was perceived as unproductive subsidies to other NIS. However, the effects of the dissolution, specifically the breakage of the unified economic complex of the former Soviet Union, were no less harmful to the Russian national interests than they were to the national interests of smaller NIS. Any transition to a new type of political and economic relations between these states had to be managed on a new, multilateral basis. Such a transition mechanism had been proposed in the form of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), still centred on Russia as an internationally recognized legal successor to the Soviet Union. The CIS started a process of regional (re)integration on a new, post-communist and post-hegemonic basis.

Keywords

Foreign Policy Regional Integration Regional Cooperation Regional Security Shanghai Cooperation Organization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Beeson, M. (2003) ‘ASEAN Plus Three and the Rise of Reactionary Regionalism’, Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs, 25(2), pp. 251–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bonapace, T. (2005) ‘Regional Trade and Investment Architecture in Asia-Pacific: Emerging Trends and Imperatives’, Economic and Political Weekly, 40(36), pp. 3941–3947.Google Scholar
  3. Bordyuzha, N. (2011) ‘CSTO: 10 years of Countering Threats and Challenges’, International Affairs: A Russian Journal of World Politics, Diplomacy & International Relations, 57(5), pp. 40–49.Google Scholar
  4. Breslin, S., Hughes, C.W., Phillips, N. and Rosamond, B. (eds) (2002) New Regionalisms in the Global Political Economy. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  5. Chizhov, V. (2015) ‘Eurasian Economic Union: Ambassador Vladimir Chizhov’s Interview with EUobserver’, Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the European Union, 2 January. http://www.russianmission.eu/en/news/eurasian-economic-union-ambassador-vladimir-chizhovs-interview-euobserver.Google Scholar
  6. CIS (2011) ‘Zaiavlenie glav gosudarstv-uchastnikov Sodruzhestva Nezavisimyh Gosudarstv v sviazi s 20-letiem obrazovaniia SNG’ [Statement by the Heads of Member States of the Commonwealth of Independent States in connection with the 20th anniversary of the CIS]. http://www.e-cis.info/page.php?id=19308.Google Scholar
  7. CIS Executive Committee (nd) 20 let Sodruzhestvu Nezavisimyh Gosudarstv [20 years of the Commonwealth of Independent States]. http://www.cis.minsk.by/news.php?id=319.
  8. Cohen, A. (2013) ‘Russia’s Eurasian Union could Endanger the Neighbourhood and US Interests’, The Heritage Foundation, Backgrounder #2804 on Russia and Eurasia, 14 June. http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2013/06/russias-eurasian-union-could-endanger-the-neighborhood-and-us-interests.Google Scholar
  9. Cooley, A. and Spruyt, H. (2009) Contracting States: Sovereign Transfers in International Relations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Erlanger, S. (1995) ‘War in Russia clouds pact by former Soviet Republics’, The New York Times, 11 February.Google Scholar
  11. Eurasian Development Bank (2009) ‘EDB and Eurasian Business Council Establish Strategic Partnership’, 24 September. http://www.eabr.org/e/press_center/press-releases/?id_4=7239&id_17=6783&from_4=49.Google Scholar
  12. Farrell, M. (2005) ‘The Global Politics of Regionalism: An Introduction’, in Farrell, M., Hettne, B., and Langenhove, L. van (eds), Global Politics of Regionalism: Theory and Practice. London: Pluto Press, pp. 1–20.Google Scholar
  13. Foreign Policy Concept of the Russian Federation (2013) Approved by President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin, 12 February. www.mid.ru.Google Scholar
  14. Kazakhstan Today. (2007) Key EurAsEC objective — creation of a trade bridge between East and West — Rapota, 20 April. http://www.kt.kz/eng/miscella-neous/key_eurasec_objective_creation_of_trade_bridge_between_east_and_west_rapota_1153414041.htmlGoogle Scholar
  15. Klapper, B. (2012) ‘Clinton fears efforts to ‘re-Sovietize’ in Europe’, Bloomberg Businessweek, 6 December. http://www.businessweek.com/ap/2012-12-06/clinton-fears-efforts-to-re-sovietize-in-europe.
  16. Kohli, A. (2004) State-Directed Development: Political Power and Industrialization in the Global Periphery. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kubicek, P. (2009) ‘The Commonwealth of Independent States: An Example of Failed Regionalism?’, Review of International Studies, 35(1), pp. 237–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lavrov, S. (2011) ‘Russia and ASEAN Can Do a Great Deal Together’, International Affairs: A Russian Journal of World Politics, Diplomacy & International Relations, 56(6), pp. 13–22.Google Scholar
  19. Lenta.ru. (2014) ‘Yakunin predlozhil potratit’ trilliony na ‘Trans-Evraziiskii poias razvitiia’ [Yakunin proposed to spend trillions on the Trans-Eurasian Development Belt], 11 March. http://lenta.ru/news/2014/03/11/megaproject/.Google Scholar
  20. Libman, A. (2015) ‘Ukrainian Crisis, Economic Crisis in Russia and the Eurasian Economic Union,’ MPRA Paper No. 63861, posted 24 April 2015, http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/63861/1/MPRA_paper_63861.pdfGoogle Scholar
  21. Lukashenko, A. G. (2004) ‘Evrazes imeet unikal’nye vozmozhnosti’ [EurAsEC possesses unique possibilities], Evraziia, 31 August. http://www.evrazia.org/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=1930.Google Scholar
  22. Mackinder, H. J. (1904) ‘The Geographical Pivot of History’, The Geographical Journal, 23(4), pp. 421–437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mankoff, J. (2012) Russian Foreign Policy: The Return of Great Power Politics, 2nd edn. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  24. Mansfield, E. D., Milner, H. V. and Pevehouse, J. C. (2008) ‘Democracy, Veto Players and the Depth of Regional Integration’, World Economy, 31(1), pp. 67–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mansurov, T.A. (2010) ‘Evraziiskoe ekonomichekoe soobshchestvo — etapy raszvitiia’ [Eurasian economic community — Stages of development]. Presentation of the Secretary General of the EurAsEC T.A. Mansurov at the World Customs Organization, Brussels, 25 January. http://www.wcoomd.org/en/events/event-history/2010/~/media/WCO/Public/Global/PDF/Events/Non_WCO_Events/Speech%20-%20Eurasian%20Economic%20Community_RU.ashx.Google Scholar
  26. Mansurov, T.A. (2011) ‘Biznes v EvrAzES v usloviiah Tamozhennogo soiuza i Edinogo ekonomicheskogo prostranstva’ [Business in EurAsEC under the conditions of the Customs Union and Single Economic Space], Liter, Kazakhstan, 26 September. http://www.evrazes.com/news/publication/view/53.Google Scholar
  27. Masciulli, J., Molchanov, M.A., and Knight, W. A. (2009) ‘Political Leadership in Context’, in J. Masciulli, M.A. Molchanov, and W. A. Knight (eds), The Ashgate Research Companion to Political Leadership. Farnham, England; Burlington, VT: Ashgate, pp. 3–27.Google Scholar
  28. Mukhin, V. (2014) ‘ODKB ostaetsia skoree virtualnoi, chem realnoi strukturoi’ [The CSTO is still more of a virtual than real structure], Nezavisimaya gazeta, 24 December. http://www.ng.ru/armies/2014-12-24/1_odkb.html.
  29. Nazarbayev, N. (2014) Vystuplenie Prezidenta Respubliki Kazakhstan N.A. Nazarbayeva v Moskovskom gosudarstvennom universitete imeni M.V. Lomonosova [Speech by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N.A. Nazarbayev at the Lomonosov Moscow State University]. Official site of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 28 April. http://bit.ly/1yITRwj.Google Scholar
  30. Novosti SNG (2008) Voenno-promyshlennyi kurier, 21(237), 28 May. http://vpk-news.ru/articles/2363.
  31. Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the CIS (2009) ‘Itogovye statisticheskie pokazateli o vypolnenii vnutrigosudarstvennykh protsedur po dolumentam, priniatymv ramkakh SNG v 1991–2009 godakh (deist-vuiushchim po sostoianiiu na 1 ianvaria 2009 goda’. http://www.cismission.mid.ru/ii5.html.Google Scholar
  32. Plummer, M. G. (2009) ‘The Global Economic Crisis and Its Implications for Asian Economic Cooperation’, Policy Studies, 55, pp. 1–48.Google Scholar
  33. Putin, V. 2011. A new integration project for Eurasia: The future in the making. Izvestia, 4 October, http://www.rusemb.org.uk/press/246.
  34. Rosbalt (2007) ‘Ivanov: EvrAzES i ODKB — perspektivnye organizatsii’ [Ivanov: EurAsEc and CSTO — organizations of the future], 18 March. http://www.rosbalt.ru/main/2007/03/18/290092.html.Google Scholar
  35. Rustamov, E. (2012) ‘ODKB mozhet okazat’ Armenii pomoshch tol’ko v sluchae neposredstvennogo napadeniia na eto gosudarstvo — Press-sluzhba ODKB’ [CSTO can help Armenia only in the event of a direct aggression against this state — CSTO Press Service]. 1news.az: the first news, 21 February. http://1news.az/politics/20120221041030982.html.
  36. Savitskii, P. N. (2007) ‘Geograficheskie i geopoliticheskie osnovy evraziistva’ [Geographical and geopolitical foundations of Eurasianism], in B.A. Isaev (ed.), Geopolitika. St. Petersburg: Peter, pp. 235–242.Google Scholar
  37. Schmitter, P.C. and Kim, S. (2008) ‘Comparing Processes of Regional Integration: European “Lessons” and Northeast Asian Reflections’, Current Politics and Economics of Asia, 17(1), pp. 11–36.Google Scholar
  38. Söderbaum, F., & Shaw, T. M., (eds) (2003) Theories of New Regionalism: A Palgrave Reader. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  39. TASS (2014) ‘Putin: Evraziiskii ekonomicheskii soiuz otkryt dlia sosednikh stran’ [Putin: The Eurasian Economic Union is Open to Neighboring Countries]. ITAR-TASS, 23 December. http://itar-tass.com/politika/1667910.Google Scholar
  40. Tolipov, F. (2012) ‘CSTO Summit Raises Ambiguity Regarding Uzbekistan’s Membership’, Central Asia Newswire, 23 January. http://www.universalnews-wires.com/centralasia/viewstory.aspx?id=11216.
  41. Väyrynen, R. (2003) ‘ Regionalism: Old and New’, International Studies Review, 5 (1), pp. 25–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Warleigh-Lack, A., Robinson N., and Rosamond, B. (eds) (2011) New Regionalism and the European Union. London & New York: Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Mikhail A. Molchanov 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mikhail A. Molchanov

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations