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The Question of Political Regime and the Problems of Democracy: Aron and the Alternative of Tocqueville

  • Giulio De Ligio
Part of the Recovering Political Philosophy book series (REPOPH)

Abstract

The question of the political regime is at the heart of the work—and one could say the life—of Raymond Aron. The thinking of this French philosopher and sociologist demonstrates how and to what extent this question is at the heart of the human problem qua political problem. Aron’s lucidity in the face of a century marked by hyperbolic drama and process, by extreme hopes and fears, is well known. It is useful to recall the starting point of his intellectual journey in order to introduce our reflection on the science that informed his judgment of historical actuality.

Keywords

Modern Society Liberal Democracy Political Regime Political Order Political Body 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 2.
    “De la condition historique du sociologue” (1971), in Raymond Aron, Les Sociétés modernes, Paris, Presses universitaires de France, 2006, 1073.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Cf. Raymond Aron, Le Spectateur engagé. Entretiens avec Jean-Louis Missika et Dominique Wolton, Paris, Julliard, 1981; Editions de Fallois, Paris, 2004, 73–74, 419.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Raymond Aron, Les Etapes de la pensée sociologique, Paris, Gallimard, 1967, 295–296.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    Raymond Aron, Mémoires. 50 ans de réflexion politique, (1983) Paris, Laffont, 2003, 351–352.Google Scholar
  5. 9.
    Raymond Aron, Les Désillusions du progrès. Essai sur la dialectique de la modernité, Paris, Calmann-Lévy, 1969, 20.Google Scholar
  6. 10.
    “Élie Halévy et l’ère des tyrannies,” in E. Halévy, L’Ère des tyrannies, Paris, Gallimard, 1990, 273.Google Scholar
  7. 12.
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  8. 13.
    “Les sociologues et les institutions représentatives” (1960), in Raymond Aron, Les Sociétés modernes, Paris, Presses universitaires de France, 2006, 714.Google Scholar
  9. 17.
    Cf. Raymond Aron, Démocratie et totalitarisme, Paris, Gallimard, 1965, 32–37.Google Scholar
  10. On the primacy of the political see also Raymond Aron, Paix et guerre entre les nations (1962), Paris, Calmann-Lévy, 2004, 56–57Google Scholar
  11. “Thucydide et le récit historique” (1960), in Raymond Aron, Dimensions de la conscience historique, Paris, Plon, 1964, 146.Google Scholar
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    “Max Weber et la politique de puissance” (1964), in Raymond Aron, Machiavel et les tyrannies modernes, Paris, Editions de Fallois, 1993, 227.Google Scholar
  13. 25.
    Cf. “L’avenir des religions séculières” (1944), in Raymond Aron, Chroniques de guerre: La France libre 1940–1945, Paris, Gallimard, 1990Google Scholar
  14. Raymond Aron, Introduction à la philosophie politique: démocratie et révolution (1952), Paris, Le Livre de Poche, 1997, 218–220Google Scholar
  15. 27.
    “Millénarisme ou sagesse?” (1955), in Raymond Aron, Penser la liberté, penser la démocratie, Paris, Gallimard, 2005, 457.Google Scholar
  16. 28.
    “Le fanatisme, la prudence et la foi” (1956), in Raymond Aron, Marxismes imaginaires, Paris, Gallimard, 1970, 146.Google Scholar
  17. 33.
    “Remarques sur la classification des régimes politiques” (1965), in Raymond Aron, Les Sociétés modernes, Paris, Presses universitaires de France, 2006, 765.Google Scholar
  18. 35.
    “L’aube de l’histoire universelle” (1960), in Raymond Aron, Dimensions de la conscience historique, Paris, Plon, 1961, 233.Google Scholar
  19. 38.
    “L’âge des empires” (1945), in Raymond Aron, Chroniques de guerre: La France libre 1940–1945, Paris, Gallimard, 1990, 984–985.Google Scholar
  20. 44.
    Cf. “États démocratiques et états totalitaires” (1939), in Raymond Aron, Penser la liberté, penser la démocratie, 55–106.Google Scholar
  21. 45.
    “Naissance des tyrannies” (1941), in Raymond Aron, Chroniques de guerre, 516.Google Scholar
  22. 48.
    “La définition libérale de la liberté” (1961), in Raymond Aron, Les Sociétés modernes, 642.Google Scholar
  23. 54.
    Raymond Aron, L’Opium des intellectuels, Paris, Calmann-Lévy, 1955; reissue: Paris, Hachette, 2002, 127–128; “Millénarisme ou sagesse?” 455–457.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© José Colen and Elisabeth Dutartre-Michaut 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giulio De Ligio

There are no affiliations available

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