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Bolivia-Brazil: Internal Dynamics, Sovereignty Drive, and Integrationist Ideology

  • Ana Carolina T. Delgado
  • Clayton M. Cunha Filho
Part of the Palgrave Studies in International Relations Series book series (PSIR)

Abstract

After about two decades of adherence to the so-called ‘Washington Consensus’ (Williamson, 1990), Bolivian politics has experienced a decade of change with the arrival to the presidency of Evo Morales in 2006, the first indigenous president in two centuries of independence from Spain. Consistently with the ‘decolonial’ and anti-imperialistic rhetoric adopted by the new government, one of the first measures of Morales’ administration was the nationalization of the hydrocarbon sector. Some analysts first perceived this event as the beginning of a tense relation between Bolivia and its main commercial partner, Brazil, expressing a pattern that would be followed by other countries in the region towards the emerging local power. Other experts stressed that such behaviour would coexist with moments of bilateral cooperation, the strengthening of political and commercial ties, and regional integration. In this chapter, we argue that Bolivian foreign policy towards its neighbour is largely conditioned by the domestic realm and reflects the complexities of its national political setting as well as its drive for sovereignty and for expressing its distinctiveness to the world.

Keywords

Foreign Policy Bilateral Relation National Development Plan Latin American Study Bolivian Government 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Ana Carolina T. Delgado and Clayton M. Cunha Filho 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana Carolina T. Delgado
  • Clayton M. Cunha Filho

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