Brazil: Chile’s Mythical Ally

  • Joaquín Fermandois
Part of the Palgrave Studies in International Relations Series book series (PSIR)


Brazil has always occupied an important place in Chile’s foreign affairs. This was particularly evident in the second half of the 19th century, a period that left a deep impression in the Chilean state culture and the nation’s memory. Thereafter a recurrent joke was to characterize the Chile–Brazil bilateral relation as ‘an unlimited friendship’ (‘amistad sin límites’; in Spanish, ‘límite’ has the double meaning of ‘limit’ and ‘border’), referring both to an unquestioned friendship and to the fact that the two countries do not share borders. The expression was presumably coined by the Brazilian diplomat Baron do Rio Branco (Stuven and Pamplona, 2009), and throughout the 20th century Chilean diplomats, policy-makers, and public opinion held on to the assumption that ultimately Brazil was Chile’s friend (Fermandois, 2005; Soto et al., 2012).


Foreign Policy Security Council Free Trade Agreement Foreign Minister Bilateral Relation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Avetikian, T. (2013) ‘Brasil: ¿cerca de Perú, lejos de Chile?’ El Mercurio, 16 November 2013.Google Scholar
  2. Banco Central de Chile (2011) Indicadores de comercio exterior. Cuarto trimestre 2011,, date accessed 16 March 2015.
  3. Dirección General de Relaciones Económicas Internacionales (2015) 10 respuestas acerca del TTP,, date accessed 16 March 2015.
  4. Fermandois, J. (2005) Mundo y fin de mundo. Chile en la políticamundial 1900–2004, Santiago: Ediciones Universidad Católica de Chile.Google Scholar
  5. Gamboa, R. (2011) ‘Chile y el liderazgo sudamericano de Brasil: ¿qué estrategia prefieren sus elites?’ Plataforma Democrática, Working Paper N° 18.Google Scholar
  6. Garrido, J. and P. Álamos (eds) (1992) Relaciones Chile-Brasil en la década de los noventa, Santiago: Instituto de Estudios Internacionales, Universidad de Chile.Google Scholar
  7. Instituto de Estudios Internacionales Universidad de Chile, Instituto de Ciencia Política Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (2008) Chile, las Américas y el mundo. Opinión Pública y política exterior 2008, Santiago.Google Scholar
  8. Krauthammer, C. (1990) ‘The Unipolar Moment’, Foreign Affairs 70(1), 23–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. López, D. and F. Muñoz (2008) ‘La inversión extranjera directa: el caso de los capitales brasileños en Chile’, Estudios Internacionales 160.Google Scholar
  10. Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de Chile (2006) Balance. Período 2000–2006, Santiago: Gobierno de Chile. Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores.Google Scholar
  11. Mudde, C. and C. Rovira Kaltwasser (eds) (2012) Populism in Europe and the Americas. Threat or Corrective for Democracy? New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Oppenheimer, A. (2014) ‘Dilma Rousseff y la “parálisis” de Brasil’, El Mercurio, 22 September 2014.Google Scholar
  13. Soares de Lima, M. R. and M. Hirst (2006) ‘Brazil as an Intermediate State and Regional Power: Action, Choices and Responsibilities’, International Affairs 82(1), pp. 21–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Soto, A., R. Núñez and C. Garay (2012) Las relaciones chileno-brasileñas. De la amistad sin límites al pragmatismo del gigante (1945–1964), Santiago: RIL Editores.Google Scholar
  15. Stuven, A. M. and M. A. Pamplona (eds) (2009) Estado y nación en Chile y Brasil en el siglo XIX, Santiago: Ediciones Universidad Católica de Chile.Google Scholar
  16. Universidad Católica de Chile and Adimark/GfK (2013) Encuesta Nacional Bicentenario 2013,, date accessed 24 June 2014.Google Scholar
  17. Universidad Católica de Chile and Adimark/GfK (2014) Encuesta Nacional Bicentenario 2014,, date accessed 16 March 2015.Google Scholar
  18. van Klaveren, A. (1997) ‘América Latina: hacia un regionalismo abierto’, in A. van Klaveren (ed.), América Latina en el mundo, Santiago: Los Andes, Prospel, pp. 215–231.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Joaquín Fermandois 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joaquín Fermandois

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations