Venezuela and the Rise of Brazil: Convergence and Divergence in the Chávez Era

  • José Briceño-Ruiz
Part of the Palgrave Studies in International Relations Series book series (PSIR)


Brazil and Venezuela were ‘indifferent neighbours’ for decades. Nonetheless, the bilateral relations entered into a new historical period after a meeting held in Caracas, in March 1994, between Presidents Rafael Caldera and Itamar Franco. Fernando Henrique Cardoso continued Franco’s initiatives and was committed to deepening relations with Venezuela. The rise to power of Hugo Chávez in 1999 did not bring this process to a halt. Conversely, when Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva arrived to power in 2003, the so-called Lula-Chávez axis relaunched the bilateral agenda, the pinnacle of which was the signing of a bilateral strategic partnership in 2005. Despite the fact that the bilateral relation has lost momentum during Dilma Rousseff’s and Nicolas Maduro’s governments, Venezuela and Brazil are currently closer neighbours than they were 20 years ago.


Foreign Policy Strategic Alliance Bilateral Relation Brazilian Government Bilateral Relationship 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© José Briceño-Ruiz 2016

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  • José Briceño-Ruiz

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