From Subregionalism to Macro-regionalism in Europe and the European Union

  • Martin Dangerfield
Part of the Palgrave Studies in European Union Politics book series (PSEUP)


Though the concept of macro-regional strategies that emerged in 2004/2005 was a new programme for the EU itself, the form and content of envisaged activities were not exactly a novel development within Europe. A plethora of multilateral cross-border cooperation platforms already existed in the form of the so-called subregional groupings (SRGs) that had proliferated in Europe after 1989. Every state currently included in one or more of the three EU macro-regions presently in action — the Adriatic and Ionian, the Baltic Sea and the Danube Region (or in advanced planning) the Alpine Region — was and remains a partner in one or more SRGs. Most SRGs have traditionally had, and continue to have, cooperation agendas that resemble the goals and activities of EU macro-regions. They also occupied, in whole or in part, the same territorial spaces. This was the case for the Baltic Sea macro-region and the Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS), and the first draft of the Danube Basin macro-region was more than reminiscent of the Trieste-based Central European Initiative (CEI) in terms of not only its member countries but also its portfolios of activity.


North Atlantic Treaty Organization Nordic Council European Integration Process Danube Region Cooperation Agenda 
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© Martin Dangerfield 2016

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  • Martin Dangerfield

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