• Suzanne M. Chod
  • William J. Muck


The results of the American Political Science Association Task Force’s examination of civic education in the United States revealed inadequacies and called upon those who teach politics to act (APSA Task Force on Civic Engagement in the 21st Century 1998). The empirical studies of the declining levels of civic engagement, political knowledge, and efficacy of young people (Delli Carpini 2000; Galston 2004, 2007; Levine and Lopez 2002; Miller and Shanks 1996; Putnam 2000; Wattenberg 2002) along with the APSA Task Force recommendations, inform us that more must be done on the part of political science educators to engage the unengaged. In particular, because political socialization can solidify in college (Newcomb et al. 1967; Niemi and Jennings 1991), instructors can use the classroom as a platform to incite civic engagement and enthusiasm. With this as the case, the next question must be: how can this be done? What strategies and pedagogical tools can instructors use to foster civic engagement?


Social Capital Political Participation Civic Engagement Virtual Water Service Learn 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. APSA Task Force on Civic Education in the 21st Century. 1998. “Expanded Articulation Statement: A Call for Reactions and Contributions.” PS: Political Science and Politics 31 (September): 636–637.Google Scholar
  2. Astin, Alexander W. and Linda J. Sax. 1998. “How Undergraduates Are Affected by Service Participation.” Journal of College Student Development 39 (May/June): 251–263.Google Scholar
  3. Bennett, Daniel and Pam Fielding. 1999. The Net Effect: How Cyberadvocacy Is Changing the Political Landscape. Merrifield, VA: e-Advocates Press.Google Scholar
  4. Bimber, Bruce. 2001. “Information and Political Engagement in America: The Search for Effects of Information Technology at the Individual Level.” Political Research Quarterly 54 (March): 53–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Birge, James, Brooke Beaird, and Jan Torres. 2003. “Partnerships among Colleges and Universities for Service Learning.” In Building Partnerships for Service-Learnings, edited by Barbara Jacoby. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 131–150.Google Scholar
  6. Browning, Graeme. 1996. Electronic Democracy: Using the Internet to Influence Politics. Wilton, CT: Online Inc.Google Scholar
  7. Bukovchik, VanVechten Renée, and Anita Chadha. 2013. “How Students Talk to Each Other: An Academic Social Networking Project.” In Teaching Civic Engagement: From Student to Active Citizen, edited by Alison Rios Millett McCartney, Elizabeth A. Bennison, and Dick Simpson. Washington, DC: American Political Science Association.Google Scholar
  8. Campbell, David E. 2008. “Voice in the Classroom: How an Open Classroom Climate Fosters Political Engagement Among Adolescents.” Political Behavior 30 (December): 437–454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Carpenter, Charli and Daniel W. Drezner. 2010. “International Relations 2.0: The Implications of New Media for an Old Profession.” International Studies Perspectives 11 (August): 255–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dertouzos, Michael. 1997. What Will Be: How the New Information Marketplace Will Change Our Lives. San Francisco: Harper.Google Scholar
  11. Delli Carpini, Michael X. 2000. “ Youth, Civic Engagement, and the New Information Environment.” Political Communication 17 (4): 341–349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Eikenberry, Angela A. 2012. “Social Networking, Learning, and Civic Engagement: New Relationships between Professors and Students, Public Administrators and Citizens.” Journal of Public Affairs Education 18 (Summer): 449–466.Google Scholar
  13. Ellison, Nicole B., Charles Steinfeld, and Cliff Lampe. 2007. “The Benefits of Facebook ‘Friends’: Social Capital and College Students’ Use of Online Social Network Sites.” Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 12 (July): 1143–1168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Galston, William A. 2004. “Civic Education and Political Participation.” PS: Political Science and Politics2 (April): 263–266.Google Scholar
  15. Galston, William A. 2007. “Civic Knowledge, Civic Education, and Civic Engagement: A Summary of Recent Research.” International Journal of Public Administration 30 (February): 623–642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gil de Zúñiga, Homero, Nakwon Jung, and Sebastián Valenzuela. 2012. “Social Media Use for News and Individuals’ Social Capital, Civic Engagement and Political Participation.” Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 17 (April): 319–336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Greenhow, Christine and Bejamin Gleason. 2012. “Twitteracy: Tweeting as a New Literacy Practice.” The Educational Forum 76: 463–477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Grossman, Lawrence K. 1995. The Electronic Republic: Reshaping Democracy in America. New York: Viking.Google Scholar
  19. Hibbing, John R., and Elizabeth Theiss-Morse. 1996. “Civics is Not Enough: Teaching Barbarics in K-12.” PS: Political Science and Politics 29 (March): 57–62.Google Scholar
  20. Hunter, Susan and Richard A. Brisbin, Jr. 2000. “The Impact of Service Learning on Democratic and Civic Values.” PS: Political Science and Politics 33 (September): 623–626.Google Scholar
  21. Johnson, Thomas J. and Barbara E. Kaye. 1998. “A Vehicle for Engagement or a Haven for the Disaffected? Internet Use, Political Alienation, and Voter Participation.” In Engaging the Public: How Government and the Media Can Keinvigorate American Democracy, edited by Thomas J. Johnson, Carol E. Hays, and Scott P. Hays. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 123–135.Google Scholar
  22. Junco, Reynol, Greg Heiberger, and Eric Loken. 2011. “The Effect of Twitter on College Student Engagement and Grades.” Journal of Computer Assisted Learning27 (April): 119–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Katz, James E. and Ronald E. Rice. 2002. Social Consequences of Internet Use: Access, Involvement, and Interaction. Cambridge: MIT PressGoogle Scholar
  24. Lampe, Cliff, Nicole B. Ellison, and Charles Steinfield. 2006. “AFace(book) in the Crowd: Social Searching vs. Social Browsing.” Presented at the 20th Anniversary Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work, Alberta, Canada. (February 19, 2015).Google Scholar
  25. Levine, Peter and Mark Hugo Lopez. 2002. “Youth Voting Has Declined, by Any Measure.” September. (February 19, 2015).Google Scholar
  26. Levine, Peter. 2007. The Future of Democracy: Developing the Next Generation of American Citizens. Lebanon, NH: University Press of New EnglandGoogle Scholar
  27. McCartney, Allison Rios Millet. 2006. “Making the World Real: Using a Civic Engagement Course to Bring Home Our Global Connections.” Journal of Political Science Education 2 (January): 113–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Miller, William E. and J. Merrill Shanks. 1996. The New American Voter. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Morris, Dick. 2000. Los Angeles: Renaissance Books.Google Scholar
  30. Negroponte, Nicholas. 1995. Being Digital. New York: Knopf.Google Scholar
  31. Newcomb, Theodore Mead, Katheryne E. Koenig, Richard Flacks, and Donald P. Warwick. 1967. Persistence and Change: Bennington College and Its Students after Twenty-Five Tears. New York: John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
  32. Niemi, Richard G. and M. Kent Jennings. 1991. “Issues and Inheritance in the Formation of Party Identification.” American Journal of Political Science 35 (November): 970–988.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Niemi, Richard G. and Jane Junn. 1998. Civic Education: What Makes Students Learn. New Haven. CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Norris, Pippa. 1999. “Who Surfs? New Technologies, Old Voters and Virtual Democracy.” In Governance in a Networked World, edited by Elaine C. Kamarck and Joseph S. Nye. Hollis, NH: Hollis Publishing, 45–62.Google Scholar
  35. Norris, Pippa. 2001. Digital Divide? Civic Engagement, Information Poverty and the Internet Worldwide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Pasek, Josh, Eian More, and Daniel Romer. 2009. “Realizing the Social Internet? Online Social Networking Meets Offline Civic Engagement. Journal of Information Technology & Politics 6 (July): 197–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Perry, James L. and Michael C. Katula. 2001. “Does Service Affect Citizenship? Administration & Society 33 (July): 330– 365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Prentice, Mary. 2007. “Service Learning and Civic Education.” Academic Questions 20 (June): 135–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Putnam, Robert D. 2000. Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon and Schuster.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Spiezio, Kim E., Kerrie Q. Baker, and Kathleen Boland. 2005. “General Education and Civic Engagement: An Empirical Analysis of Pedagogical Possibilities.” JGE: The Journal of General Education 54 (4): 273–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Steinfield, Charles, Nicole B. Ellison, and Cliff Lampe. 2008. “Social Capital, Self-Esteem, and Use of Online Social Network Sites: A Longitudinal Analysis.” Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology 29 (November/December): 434–445.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Valenzuela, Sebastián, Namsu Park, and Kerk F. Kee. 2009. “Is There Social Capital in a Social Network Site?: Facebook Use and College Students’ Life Satisfaction, Trust, and Participation.” Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 14 (July): 875–901.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Wattenberg Martin P. 2002. Where Have All the Voters Gone? Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  44. Yates, Miranda and James Youniss. 1996. “A Developmental Perspective on Community Service in Adolescence.” Social Development 5 (March): 85–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Suzanne M. Chod, William J. Muck, and Stephen M. Caliendo 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suzanne M. Chod
  • William J. Muck

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations