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SGregory of Nazianzus’s Oration 31 on the Holy Spirit

  • Pablo Argárate
Part of the Pathways for Ecumenical and Interreligious Dialogue book series (PEID)

Abstract

With the exception of some brilliant Johannine and Pauline passages, the rest of the New Testament provides only an incipient pneumatological reflection. While the Apostolic Fathers did not further this discussion much, it is only by the end of the second century that two authors seriously discuss the role of the Spirit in salvation. In his anti-Gnostic polemics, Bishop Irenaeus reflects on the Spirit in the oikonomia. Not much later in North Africa, Tertullian produces some significant insights as well. Nevertheless, as in many other areas of the theological discipline, it will be Origen who will begin a systematic reflection on the Holy Spirit,1 based on scriptural data and with several open questions. However, this pneumatological discussion is clearly secondary in relation to the Christological issue. In the highly conflicted following century, neither Arius nor Nicaea place great emphasis on the person of the Holy Spirit, being exclusively focused on the status of Christ. Nevertheless, this does not mean that the Spirit was totally ignored. He plays indeed a role in the system of Marcellus of Ancyra, which will provoke sharp opposition by Eusebius of Caesarea, who claims that the Spirit is a creature of the Son.

Keywords

Biblical Text Greek Text Divine Person Scriptural Data Ninth International Confer 
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Notes

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© Pablo Argárate 2016

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  • Pablo Argárate

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