Malaysia’s Islam Hadhari and the Role of the Nation-State in International Relations

  • Muhamad Ali


Malaysian Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi (2004–2009) promoted Islam Hadhari as a progressive, democratic, and tolerant approach to Islam. Malaysian leaders and scholars understood Islam not only in terms of Malaysian national politics and culture but also within the context of international relations. Abdullah, the head of the ruling party, United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), and the former chairman of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), repeatedly promoted Islam as the religion of peace and described Malaysia as “peaceful, stable, democratic, and rapidly developing”.1 Abdullah’s government claimed that they endorsed non-confrontation with Western, non-Muslim countries, and sought cooperation with both Muslim and non-Muslim governments, particularly on issues addressing economic development, scientific advancement, and global security.


Foreign Policy International Relation Muslim World Islamic World Muslim Society 
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© Muhamad Ali 2016

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  • Muhamad Ali

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