Australia and Turkey in Postsecular Perspectives

  • Ibrahim Abraham
  • Umut Parmaksız


The relationship of mutual respect that Australia and Turkey have built over the past century is remarkable, not just because it is the friendship of former enemies, but because it is the friendship of societies that, according to many social measures, are fundamentally different. This is evident when examining religion in Australia and Turkey Whereas individual and public religiosity has increased in Turkey in recent decades, were it not for ongoing large-scale immigration and the disproportionately higher birth rates of new Australians from the developing world, the decline of religiosity in Australia (according to every conventional social scientific measure) would be even more apparent than it is.1 Focusing on some of these measures, and viewing Australia from Turkey or Turkey from Australia, is like looking through a camera obscura. For example, Australians and Turks were asked in the World Values Survey whether the ‘basic meaning of religion’ is to ‘make sense of life in this world’ or to make sense of ‘life after death’.2 Three-quarters of the Australians interviewed replied that religion exists to make sense of life in this world and three-quarters of the Turks interviewed held that religion exists to make sense of life in the next. Yet the survey also shows that a significantly higher proportion of Turks view religion as the source of solutions to difficulties within family and society.


Political Identity Public Reason Globalized World Liberal Party Electoral Success 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Ibrahim Abraham and Umut Parmaksız 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ibrahim Abraham
  • Umut Parmaksız

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