The Hidden Potential of Female Entrepreneurship in Rural Poland

  • Ewa Rollnik-Sadowska
Part of the New Geographies of Europe book series (NGE)


Despite the economic transformations that have occurred since 1989, Poland is still characterised by a low level of urbanisation with rural areas still covering more than 90% of the land surface with a rural population of over 39% of all residents (Central Statistical Office 2013: 37, 120). A typical Polish village still remains marginalised in comparison with urban areas not only with regard to socio-economic living conditions, including access to certain goods and services, but also with regard to the labour market situation. Regional differences in supply of and demand for labour do not solely depend on the macroeconomic situation, but are also affected by the demographic composition, developments in information and communication technology and transport and educational infrastructure. The labour market situation for women living in rural Poland is characterised by a particularly difficult situation due on the one hand to their less direct involvement in farm management and, on the other hand, fewer job vacancies for women outside of agriculture. Taking into account the outflow of the younger female workforce in rural areas it seems crucial to establish alternative professional employment opportunities for women which reflect the socio-economic conditions of the Polish village. Self-employment is one possible option in this context.


Labour Market Rural Area Enterprise Development Labour Force Survey Polish Agency 


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© Ewa Rollnik-Sadowska 2016

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  • Ewa Rollnik-Sadowska

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