Determinants of Individual Quality of Life Ratings in Rural Versus Suburban Regions — A Gender Perspective

  • Nana Zarnekow
  • Christian H. C. A. Henning
Part of the New Geographies of Europe book series (NGE)


It is a common observation in all EU member states that the population of many rural areas is in a continuous and sharp decline, mainly caused by net migration flows from rural to urban areas (European Commission 2008). This results in regional disparities, or rather their intensification, particularly in the case of unequal income opportunities, social environment issues, environmental quality, the availability of infrastructural and social services and recreational and cultural activities. In short, the overall regional quality of life. Against this backdrop it is a key aim of European regional and rural development policy to reduce regional disparities and improve the quality of life in rural regions. Rural development programmes from the most recent period (2007–2013) had the central objective of developing a ‘living countryside’ and helping to maintain and improve the social and economic fabric, particularly in remote rural areas, to counteract depopulation (European Commission 2006).


Life Satisfaction Rural Development Rural Region Individual Quality Local Quality 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Nana Zarnekow and Christian H.C.A. Henning 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nana Zarnekow
  • Christian H. C. A. Henning

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