Exploring Female Over-Migration in Rural Spain — Employment, Care Giving and Mobility

  • Luis Camarero
  • Rosario Sampedro
Part of the New Geographies of Europe book series (NGE)


Demographic imbalances between men and women have long existed in rural areas. The masculinisation of rural areas caused by the differences in migration behaviour between men and women is a phenomenon that is rooted in the migration from country to city during the industrial revolution (Tilly and Scott 1989) which persists today. Research on the causes of this differential migration has grown in recent years, along with increasing concern over its effects on rural development and the social sustainability of rural areas. Hoggart (2004) has suggested the importance of rethinking rural development policies as they have not been able to halt the exodus of women.


Labour Market Rural Woman Labour Mobility Local Labour Market Rural Inhabitant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Luis Camarero and Rosario Sampedro 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luis Camarero
  • Rosario Sampedro

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