The Start-Up State

  • The Free Enterprise Group
  • Kwasi Kwarteng
  • Ryan Bourne
  • Jonathan Dupont


Unless productivity improves, public services will become unaffordable for future generations. We can’t solve this just by throwing more money at the problem. However, there is nothing fundamentally different about the public sector preventing it from taking advantage of technology or competition. The history of technology suggests that, while large bureaucracies can create new ideas, you need markets to take them to scale. We need to increase experimentation and the rewards experimentations bring. At the same time, we should free up our university system to accelerate the basic research innovation depends upon.


Public Sector Free School Defense Advance Research Project Agency Elite Institution Local Education Authority 
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  1. 31.
    Sean Worth, Better Public Services (London: Policy Exchange, 2013).Google Scholar
  2. 36.
    Julian Le Grand, The Other Invisible Hand: Delivering Public Services through Choice and Competition (Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2007).Google Scholar
  3. 42.
    James Tooley, Buckingham at 25: Freeing the Universities from State Control (London: Institute of Economic Affairs, 2001).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kwasi Kwarteng, Ryan Bourne, Jonathan Dupont 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • The Free Enterprise Group
    • 1
  • Kwasi Kwarteng
  • Ryan Bourne
    • 2
  • Jonathan Dupont
    • 3
  1. 1.UK
  2. 2.Institute of Economic AffairsUK
  3. 3.Policy ExchangeUK

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