Private Sector Development and China’s Regional Urbanization: A Survey
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The rapid development of the private sector is a significant force for promoting Chinese market development and urbanization. According to statistics, urbanization level is naturally high in the cities and regions where private sector has been developing rapidly. As industrialization and urbanization are closely related, private sector promotes rural urbanization through the development of non-agricultural industries, particularly the rural industrialization. The enterprises clusters and specialized industrial districts of the private sector have enhanced spatial agglomeration of population, resources and production factors, and raised the level of regional urbanization. In Zhejiang and Jiangsu, the southeast coast area, the private sector has been able to continuously and effectively promote urbanization and economic and social development, which led to the development and growth of private sector driven by spontaneous folk behavior and at the same time complying with market rules. Government regulates the private sector development in accordance with the laws of the market, boosting the development process of the private sector. Privatization in Liaoning, Inner Mongolia and other border and inland areas doesn’t reach the level of Zhejiang and Jiangsu, it is precisely in that the mode of private economy development in inland regions was/is “blindly man-made + government-led,” those inland provinces were/are often departing from the market rules and implementing privatization for privatization.
KeywordsPrivate Sector Private Enterprise Yangtze River Delta Urbanization Level Urbanization Rate
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- 2.Kuznets mainly explained the logic between economic growth and income disparities: agricultural population transfer to and concentration on the area of the second industry and the tertiary industry, resulting in generate growth. But between the crowd who did not be involved in the transfer nor participating in enjoying agglomeration growth, and the other crowed that were concentrated on the industrial, tertiary industries and cities, the income gap increase occurred in the early stages of development; then along with the development of a regional transition to late industrialization stage, the income gap would be tend to decrease. This is the Kuznets’s typical inverted U-shaped economic growth and income disparities theory. It could be seen from Kuznets, S. (1955). “Economic Growth and Income Inequality,” American Economic Review 45, 1–28.Google Scholar