Advertisement

Systems Theoretical Perspectives on Higher Education Policy and Governance

  • Thomas Pfeffer
  • Rudolf Stichweh

Abstract

Since the days of Talcott Parsons (1973), Joseph Ben-David (1977) and Burton Clark (1983), higher education research has been deeply rooted in the analysis of individual national higher education systems and in their comparison. For a long time this has been an appropriate and fruitful approach, since in many countries of the world higher education has predominantly been organized as a service of the public sector, and universities and other higher education institutions have been mainly regarded as national institutions. But this approach becomes inadequate in our days. This is one of the arguments which will be made in this chapter.

Keywords

High Education Human Capital Function System World Society High Education Policy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Baecker, D. (2010) ‘A systems primer on universities’, Soziale Systeme: Zeitschrift für soziologische Theorie, 16(2), 356–367.Google Scholar
  2. Baker, D. P. (2014). The Schooled Society. The Educational Transformation of Global Culture (Stanford: Stanford University Press).Google Scholar
  3. Ben-David, J. (1977) Centers of Learning. Britain, France, Germany, United States (New York: Mc Graw Hill).Google Scholar
  4. Biffl, G. and T. Pfeffer (2013) Recognition of qualifications of citizens of another EU Member State. Background paper for the Europe on the move conference — Participation and Integration of EU-citizens, Vienna: Bundesministerium für Inneres (bm.i).Google Scholar
  5. Brint, S. (2002). ‘The rise of the “practical arts” ’, in S. Brint (ed) The Future of the City of Intellect: The Changing American University (pp. 231–259) (Stanford: Stanford University Press).Google Scholar
  6. Clark, B. R. (1983) The Higher Education System: Academic Organization in Cross-National Perspective (Berkeley: University of California Press).Google Scholar
  7. DiMaggio, P. J. and W. W. Powell (1983) ‘The iron cage revisited: institutional isomorphism and collective rationality in organizational fields’, American Sociological Review, 48(2), 147–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Karabel, J. (2006) The Chosen. The Hidden History of Admission and Exclusion at Harvard, Yale and Princeton (Boston, NY: Mariner Books).Google Scholar
  9. Kasparovsky, H. (2003) Lissabon-Empfehlung allgemein 2004. Übereinkommen über die Anerkennung von Qualifikationen im Hochschulbereich in der europäischen Region. Erläuternde Bemerkungen und Empfehlungen zur Durchführung (Vienna: bm:bwk).Google Scholar
  10. Keevy, J., Chakroun, B. and A. Deij (2010) Transnational Qualifications Frameworks (Report commissioned by the European Training Foundation) (Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union).Google Scholar
  11. Krücken, G. and F. Meier (2006) ‘Turning the university into an organizational actor’, in G. S. Drori, J. W. Meyer and K. Hwang (eds) Globalization and Organization. World Society and Organizational Change (pp. 241–257) (Oxford: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  12. Luhmann, N. (1975) ‘Interaktion, Organisation, Gesellschaft. Anwendungen der Systemtheorie’, in Soziologische Aufklärung 2. Aufsätze zur Theorie der Gesellschaft (Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag).Google Scholar
  13. Luhmann, N. (1984) Soziale Systeme: Grundriß einer allgemeinen Theorie (Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp).Google Scholar
  14. Luhmann, N. (1997) Die Gesellschaft der Gesellschaft (Bde. 1–2) (Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp).Google Scholar
  15. Luhmann, N. (2002). ‘I see something you don’t see’, in W. Rasch (ed) Theories of Distinction. Redescribing the Description of Modernity (pp. 187–193) (Stanford: Stanford University Press).Google Scholar
  16. Luhmann, N. (2005) ‘The autopoiesis of social systems’, in D. Seidl and K. H. Becker (eds) Niklas Luhmann and Organization Studies (S. 64–70) (Malmö: Liber & Copenhagen Business School Press).Google Scholar
  17. Martins, H. (1974) ‘Time and theory in sociology’, in J. Rex (ed) Approaches to Sociology (S. 246–294) (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul).Google Scholar
  18. Meyer, J. W., Boli, J., Thomas, G. M. and F. O. Ramirez (1997) ‘World society and the nation state’, American Journal of Sociology, 103, 144–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Nentwich, M. (2001) ‘(Re-)De-commodification in academic knowledge distribution?’ Science Studies, 14(2), 21–42.Google Scholar
  20. Parsons, T. and G. M. Platt (1973) The American University, 2nd Print edn (Cambridge: Harvard University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pfeffer, T. and I. Skrivanek (2013) ‘Institutionelle Verfahren zur Anerkennung ausländischer Qualifikationen und zur Validierung nicht formal oder informell erworbener Kompetenzen in Österreich // Institutionalized procedures for the recognition of foreign qualifications and for the validation of non-formal or informal competencies in Austria’, Zeitschrift für Bildungsforschung, 3(1), doi: 10.1007/s35834–013-0058–4.Google Scholar
  22. Power, M. (1997) The Audit Society: Rituals of Verification (Oxford: Oxford University Press)Google Scholar
  23. Riddle, P. (1989) University and the State: Political Competition and the Rise of the Universities 1200–1985, (Stanford: Stanford University).Google Scholar
  24. Schofer, E. and J. W. Meyer (2005) ‘The worldwide expansion of higher education in the twentieth century’, American Sociological Review, 70, 898–920.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Seidl, D. (2005). ‘The basic concepts of Luhmann’s theory of social systems’, in D. Seidl and K. H. Becker (eds) Niklas Luhmann and Organization Studies (Malmö: Liber & Copenhagen Business School Press).Google Scholar
  26. Seidl, D. and K. H. Becker (2005) ‘Introduction: Luhmann’s organization theory’, in D. Seidl and K. H. Becker (eds) Niklas Luhmann and Organization Studies (pp. S8–18) (Malmö: Liber & Copenhagen Business School Press).Google Scholar
  27. Shanghai Ranking Consultancy (2014) ‘About Academic Ranking of World Universities’, http://www.shanghairanking.com/aboutarwu.html (retrieved 4 June 2015)Google Scholar
  28. Simon, F. B. (2009) ‘Wurzeln der systemtheoretischen Organisationstheorie’, in R. Wimmer, J. O. Meissner and P. Wolf (eds) Praktische Organisationswissenschaft. Lehrbuch für Studium und Beruf (Heidelberg: Carl-Auer-Systeme).Google Scholar
  29. Spencer Brown, G. (1971) Laws of Form (London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd).Google Scholar
  30. Stichweh, R. (1991) Der frühmoderne Staat und die europäische Universität. Zur Interaktion von Politik und Erziehungssystem im Prozess ihrer Ausdifferenzierung (16–18 Jahrhundert) (Frankfurt a.M.: Suhrkamp).Google Scholar
  31. Stichweh, R. (2006) ‘Die Universität in der Wissensgesellschaft: Wissensbegriffe und Umweltbeziehungen der modernen Universität’, Soziale Systeme, 12, 33–53.Google Scholar
  32. Stichweh, R. (2007) ‘The eigenstructures of world society and the regional cultures of the world’, in I. Rossi (ed) Frontiers of Globalization Research. Theoretical and Methodological Approaches (pp. 133–150) (New York: Springer).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Stichweh, R. (2009) Center and Periphery in a Global University System (Luzern: University of Lucerne).Google Scholar
  34. Stichweh, R. (2010a) ‘Funktionale Differenzierung der Weltgesellschaft’, in G. Albert and S. Sigmund (eds) Soziologische Theorie kontrovers. Sonderheft 50/2010 der Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, 50, pp. 299–306.Google Scholar
  35. Stichweh, R. (2010b) Die Universität in der Weltgesellschaft (Luzerner Universitätsreden Nr. 19).Google Scholar
  36. Stichweh, R. (2011) ‘Niklas Luhmann’, in G. Ritzer and J. Stepnisky (eds) Major Social Theorists. Vol. II. Contemporary Social Theorists (pp. 287–309) (Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell).Google Scholar
  37. Stichweh, R. (2013) ‘The history and systematics of functional differentiation in sociology’, in M. Albert, B. Buzan and M. Zürn (eds) Bringing Sociology to International Relations. World Politics as Differentiation Theory (pp. 50–70) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Stichweh, R. (2015) ‘Comparing systems theory and sociological neo-institutionalism: explaining functional differentiation’, in B. Holzer, F. Kastner and T. Werron (eds) From Globalization to World Society. Neo-Institutional and Systems-Theoretical Perspectives (pp. 23–36) (New York and London: Routledge).Google Scholar
  39. Veblen, Th. B. (1918) The Higher Learning in America. A Memorandum on the Conduct of Universities by Business Men. (New York: Augustus M. Kelley).Google Scholar
  40. Weick, K. E. (1979) Der Prozess des Organisierens (Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Thomas Pfeffer and Rudolf Stichweh 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Pfeffer
  • Rudolf Stichweh

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations