Advertisement

The Role of Higher Education in Society and the Changing Institutionalized Features in Higher Education

  • Rómulo Pinheiro
  • Gerald Wangenge-Ouma
  • Elizabeth Balbachevsky
  • Yuzhuo Cai

Abstract

Higher education institutions (HEIs) are under increasing pressure to show their societal relevance (Perry, 2012; Temple, 2011). This is partly a function of the impetus brought about by the rise of the knowledge-based economy and, concurrently, the premium put on the manipulation and transfer of knowledge assets (Varga, 2009), in addition to high-level skills embodied in the human capital of nations and regions (OECD, 2007). External pressures manifest themselves in a variety of forms, among them, shifts in the economy and the nature of the labour market, demographic trends and the demands and expectations of interest groups, and are, to a large degree, associated with the notion of higher education (HE) as an instrument for reaching certain societal agendas (Maassen and Olsen, 2007) like democratization, social mobility, economic development and innovation. As a result of these (and other) external pressures, governments across the world have enacted several bold reforms aimed at modernizing HE with the aim of responding better to the aforementioned pressures and to increase efficiency, quality and accountability (Amaral, Bleiklie and Musselin, 2008; Stensaker and Harvey, 2011; Vukasovic et al., 2012). These efforts, in turn, have generated a series of strategic responses by HEIs and their primary actors, academics and professional administrators (Kwiek and Maassen, 2012; Pinheiro and Stensaker, 2014a). What is more, the changes have led to a shift in the nature of the traditional relationship or ‘social pact’ between HE and society, brokered via the state (Maassen, 2014; Schwartzman, Pinheiro and Pillay, 2015).

Keywords

High Education High Education System Institutional Logic High Education Policy BRICS Country 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aksnes, D., Benner, M., Brorstad Borlaug, S., Hansen, H., Kallerud, E., Kristiansen, E., Langfeldt, L., Pelkonen, A. and G. Sivertsen (2012) Centres of Excellence in the Nordic Countries: A Comparative Study of Research Excellence Policy and Excellence Centre Schemes in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden (Oslo: NIFU).Google Scholar
  2. Amaral, A., Bleiklie, I. and C. Musselin (2008) From Governance to Identity: A Festschrift for Mary Henkel (Dordrecht: Springer).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Balbachevsky, E. (2013) ‘Academic research and advanced training: building up research universities in Brazil’, in J. Balán (ed) Latin’s America’s New Knowledge Economy: Higher Education, Government and International Collaboration (pp. 113–133) (Washington: Institute of International Education).Google Scholar
  4. Balbachevsky, E. (2015) ‘The role of internal and external stakeholders in Brazilian higher education’, in S. Schwartzman, R. Pinheiro and P. Pillay (eds) Higher Education in the BRICS Countries: Investigating the Pact between Higher Education and Society (pp. 193–214) (Dordrecht: Springer).Google Scholar
  5. Berg, L. and R. Pinheiro (forthcoming) ‘Handling different institutional logics in the public sector: comparing management in Norwegian universities and hospitals, in R. Pinheiro, F. Ramirez, K. Vrabæk and H. Byrkjeflot (eds) Towards a Comparative Institutionalism?: Forms, Dynamics and Logics across Health and Higher Education Fields (Bingley: Emerald).Google Scholar
  6. Braun, D. (2003) ‘Lasting tensions in research policy making: a delegation problem’, Science and Public Policy, 30(5), 309–321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cai, Y. (2004) ‘Confronting the global and the local — A case study of Chinese higher education’, Tertiary Education and Management, 10(2), 157–169.Google Scholar
  8. Cai, Y. (2011) Chinese Higher Education Reforms and Tendencies: Implications for Norwegian Higher Education in Cooperating with China (Bergen: Norwegian Centre for International Cooperation in Education, SIU). SIU Report Series [Internet]. Available at: http://www.siu.no/nor/content/download/7700/79536/file/Chinese%20higher%20education%20 reforms%20and%20tendencies%20-%20til%20publisering.pdf (Accessed: 18 December 2011).Google Scholar
  9. Cai, Y. and F. Yan (2015) ‘Supply and demand in Chinese higher education’, in S. Schwartzman, R. Pinheiro and P. Pillay (eds) Higher Education in the BRICS Countries: Investigating the Pact between Higher Education and Society (pp. 149–170) (Drodrecht: Springer).Google Scholar
  10. Castells, M. (2001) ‘Universities as dynamic systems of contradictory functions’, in J. Muller, N. Cloete and S. Badat (eds) Challenges of Globalisation: South African Debates with Manuel Castells (pp. 206–233) (Cape Town: Maskew Miller Longman).Google Scholar
  11. Castells, M. (2010) The Rise of the Network Society (West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell).Google Scholar
  12. Castro, M. H. (2015) ‘Higher education policies in Brazil: A case of failure in market regulation’, in S. Schwartzman, R. Pinheiro and P. Pillay (eds) Higher Education in the BRICS Countries: Investigating the Pact between Higher Education and Society (pp. 271–290) (Drodrecht: Springer).Google Scholar
  13. Clark, B. R. (1983) The Higher Education System: Academic Organization in Cross-National Perspective (Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press).Google Scholar
  14. Clark, B. R. (1998) Creating Entrepreneurial Universities: Organizational Pathways of Transformation (New York: Pergamon).Google Scholar
  15. Cloete, N. (2014) ‘The South African higher education system: performance and policy’, Studies in Higher Education, 39(8), 1355–1368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Coleman, W. and A. Sajed (2013) Fifty Key Thinkers on Globalization (Milton Park: Taylor & Francis).Google Scholar
  17. Colombo, M. G., Grilli, L. and L. Piscitello, L. (2011) Science and Innovation Policy for the New Knowledge Economy (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, Incorporated).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Daca, M. (2014) ‘NSFAS’s perspectives on the nature and scale of the funding challenges’ Presentation prepared for the HESA-DHET-NSFAS Colloquium in Johannesburg, 2014 (28–29 July, Johannesburg: HESA-DHET-NSFAS).Google Scholar
  19. DHET (2013a) White Paper for Post-School Education and Training. Building an Expanded, Effective and Integrated Post-School System (Pretoria: DHET).Google Scholar
  20. DHET (2013b) Report of the Ministerial Committee for the Review of the Funding of Universities (Pretoria: DHET).Google Scholar
  21. Douglass, J. A., King, C. J. I. and Feller (2009) Globalization’s Muse: Universities and Higher Education Systems in a Changing World (Berkeley: Berkeley Public Policy Press).Google Scholar
  22. Drori, G. S. (2003) Science in the Modern World Polity: Institutionalization and Globalization (Standford, CA: Stanford University Press).Google Scholar
  23. Drori, G. S., Meyer, J. W. and H. Hwang (2006) Globalization and Organization: World Society and Organizational Change (Oxford: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  24. Enders, J. and H. Boer (2009) ‘The mission impossible of the European university: Institutional confusion and institutional diversity’, in A. Amaral, G. Neave, C. Musselin and P. Maassen (eds) European Integration and the Governance of Higher Education and Research (pp. 159–178) (Dordrecht: Springer).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Engwall, L. (2014) ‘The recruitment of university top leaders: Politics, communities and markets in interaction’, Scandinavian Journal of Management, 30(3), 332–343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ervin, J. and Z. A. Smith (2008) Globalization: A Reference Handbook (Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO).Google Scholar
  27. Feng, Y. (2011) ‘Challenges and strategies in the stage of post-massification higher education in China: an analysis of stratification mobility rates in Yunnan and Guangdong provinces’, in Y. Cai and J. Kivistö (eds) Higher Education Reforms in Finland and China: Experiences and Challenges in Post-Massification era (pp. 71–89) (Tampere: Tampere University Press).Google Scholar
  28. Frølich, N., Stensaker, B., Scordato, L. and P. Botas (2014) ‘The strategically manageable university: Perceptions of strategic choice and strategic change among key decision makers’, Higher Education Studies, 4(5), 80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Gibbons, M., Nowotny, H., Schwartzman, S., Scott, P. and M. Trow (1994) The New Production of Knowledge: The Dynamics of Science and Research in Contemporary Societies (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage).Google Scholar
  30. Gornitzka, Å., Kogan, M. and A. Amaral (2005) Reform and Change in Higher Education: Analysing Policy Implementation (Dordrecht: Springer).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Gornitzka, Å. and P. Maassen (2011) ‘University governance reforms, global scripts and the “Nordic Model” ’. Accounting for policy change?’ in J. Schmid, K. Amos and A. T. J. Schrader (eds) Welten der Bildung? Vergleichende Analysen von Bildungspolitik und Bildungssystemen (pp. 149–177) (Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft).Google Scholar
  32. Gornitzka, Å., Stensaker, B., Smeby, J.-C. and H. De Boer (2004) ‘Contract arrangements in the Nordic countries: solving the efficiency-effectiveness dilemma?’ Higher Education in Europe, 29(1), 87–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Hazelkorn, H. (2009) ‘Rankings and the battle for world-class excellence: Institutional strategies and policy choice’, Higher Education Management and Policy, 21(1), 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. HESA (2014) HESA Presentation to the Portfolio Committee on Higher Education and Training (Cape Town: HESA).Google Scholar
  35. Krücken, G. (2003) ‘Learning the “New, New Thing”: On the role of path dependency in university structures’, Higher Education, 46(3), 315–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Kwiek, M. (2012) ‘Changing higher education policies: From the deinstitutionalization to the reinstitutionalization of the research mission in Polish universities’, Science and Public Policy, 39(5), 641–654.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Kwiek, M. and P. Maassen (2012) National Higher Education Reforms in a European Context: Comparative Reflections on Poland and Norway (Berlin: Peter Lang).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Lechner, F. J. (2009) Globalization: The Making of World Society (Chicester: Wiley).Google Scholar
  39. Lester, R. and M. Sotarauta (2007) Innovation, Universities and the Competitiveness of Regions (Helsinki: Tekes).Google Scholar
  40. Ma, W. (2011) ‘Post mass higher education: the role of public research universities in equity and access’, in Y. Cai and J. Kivistö (eds) Higher Education Reforms in Finland and China: Experiences and Challenges in Post-Massification Era (pp. 55–70) (Tampere: Tampere University Press).Google Scholar
  41. Maassen, P. (2014) ‘A new social contract for higher education?’ in G. Goastellec and F. Picard (eds) Higher Education in Societies (pp. 33–50) (Rotterdam: Sense Publishers).Google Scholar
  42. Maassen, P. and J. P. Olsen (2007) University Dynamics and European Integration (Dordrecht: Springer).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Marginson, S. (2004) ‘Competition and Markets in Higher Education: A “glonacal” analysis’, Policy Futures in Education, 2(2), 175–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Marginson, S. and G. Rhoades (2002) ‘Beyond national states, markets, and systems of higher education: A glonacal agency heuristic’, Higher Education, 43(3), 281–309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Mouton, J. (2012) ‘Measuring differentiation in research production at South African universities’ Presentation prepared for HESA (Higher Education South Africa) Conference (4 April, Cape Town: HESA).Google Scholar
  46. Neves, C. (2015) ‘Demand and supply for higher education in Brazil’, in S. Schwartzman, R. Pinheiro and P. Pillay (eds) Higher Education in the BRICS Countries: Investigating the Pact between Higher Education and Society (pp. 73–96) (Drodrecht: Springer).Google Scholar
  47. Nowotny, H., Scott, P. and M. Gibbons (2002) Re-Thinking Science: Knowledge and the Public in an Age of Uncertainty (Cambridge: Polity Press).Google Scholar
  48. NPC (2012). National Development Plan: Vision 2030 (Pretoria: National Planning Commission).Google Scholar
  49. OECD (2007) Higher Education and Regions: Globally Competitive, Locally Engaged (Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development).Google Scholar
  50. Pache, A.-C. and F. Santos (2013) ‘Inside the hybrid organization: Selective coupling as a response to competing institutional logics’, Academy of Management Journal, 56(4), 972–1001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Perry, B. (2012) ‘Excellence, relevance and the construction of regional science policy: Science frictions and fictions in the north west of England’, in R. Pinheiro, P. Benneworth and G. A. Jones (eds) Universities and Regional Development: A Critical Assessment of Tensions and Contradictions (pp. 105–123) (London Milton Park & New York: Routledge).Google Scholar
  52. Pinheiro, R. (2012) In the Region, for the Region? A Comparative Study of the Institutionalisation of the Regional Mission of Universities (Oslo: University of Oslo Press).Google Scholar
  53. Pinheiro, R. (2015) ‘The role of internal and external stakeholders’, in S. Schwartzman, R. Pinheiro and P. Pillay (eds) Higher Education in the BRICS Countries: Investigating the Pact between Higher Education and Society (pp. 43–58) (Drodrecht: Springer).Google Scholar
  54. Pinheiro, R. and S. Kyvik (2009) ‘Norway: Separate but connected’, in N. Garrod and B. Macfarlane (eds) Challenging Boundaries: Managing the Integration of Post-Secondary Education (pp. 47–58) (New York: Routledge).Google Scholar
  55. Pinheiro, R. and Geschwind, L. (2014) ‘Rising the summit or flatenning the agora? The Elitist Turn in science and higher education policy in Northern Europe’, ECPR Conference (3–6 September, Glasgow: ECPR).Google Scholar
  56. Pinheiro, R. and B. Stensaker (2014a) ‘Designing the entrepreneurial university: The interpretation of a global idea’, Public Organization Review, 14(4), 497–516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Pinheiro, R. and B. Stensaker (2014b) ‘Strategic actor-hood and internal transformation: The rise of the quadruple-helix university?’ in J. Brankovik, M. Klemencik, P. Lazetic and P. Zgaga (eds) Global Challenges, Local Responses in Higher Education: The Contemporary Issues in National and Comparative Perspective (pp. 171–189) (Rotterdam: Sense Publishers).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Pinheiro, R., Charles, D. G. A. and Jones, G. A. (forthcoming) ‘Special Iissue on multicampus systems’, Tertiary Education & Management.Google Scholar
  59. Pinheiro, R., Geschwind, L. and T. Aarrevaara (2014) ‘Nested tensions and interwoven dilemmas in higher education: The view from the Nordic countries’, Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 7(2), 233–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Pinheiro, R., Geschwind, L. and T. Aarrevaara (in press) Mergers in Higher Education: The Experiences from Northern Europe (Dordrecht: Springer).Google Scholar
  61. Porter, M. E. (1998) Competitive Advantage: Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance (New York: Free Press).Google Scholar
  62. Ramirez, F., Byrkjeflot, H., and R. Pinheiro (forthcoming) ‘Higher education and health organizational fields in the age of “world class” and “best practices” ’, in R. Pinheiro, L. Geschwind, F. Ramirez and K. Vrabæk (eds), Towards a Comparative Institutionalism? Forms, Dynamics and Logics Across Health and Higher Education Fields (Bingley Emerald).Google Scholar
  63. Rooney, D., Hearn, G. and A. Ninan (2008) Handbook on the Knowledge Economy (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar).Google Scholar
  64. Sahlin, K. and L. Wedlin (2008) ‘Circulating ideas: Imitation, translation and editing’, in R. Greenwood, K. Sahlin-Andersson and R. Suddaby (eds) The Sage Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism (pp. 218–242) (London: Sage).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Salerno, C. (2007) ‘A service enterprise: The market vision’, in P. Maassen and J. P. Olsen (eds) University Dynamics and European Integration (pp. 119–132) (Dordrecht: Springer).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Schmidtlein, F. and R. Berdahl (2005) ‘Autonomy and accountability: Who controls academe?’ in P. Altbach, R. Berdahl and P. Gumport (eds) American Higher Education in the Twenty-First Century: Social, Political, and Economic Challenges (pp. 71–90) (Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press).Google Scholar
  67. Schwartzman, S., Pinheiro, R. and P. Pillay (2015) Higher Education in the BRICS Countries: Investigating the Pact between Higher Education and Society (Drodrecht: Springer).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Slaughter, S. and B. Cantwell (2012) ‘Transatlantic moves to the market: The United States and the European Union’, Higher Education, 63(5), 583–606.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Stensaker, B. and L. Harvey (2011) Accountability in Higher Education: Global Perspectives on Trust and Power (New york: Taylor & Francis).Google Scholar
  70. Temple, P. (2011) Universities in the Knowledge Economy: Higher Education Organisation and Global Change (London and New York: Taylor & Francis).Google Scholar
  71. Thornton, P. H., Ocasio, W. and M. Lounsbury (2012) The Institutional Logics Perspective: A New Approach to Culture, Structure, and Process (Oxford: Oxford University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Trow, M. (1970) ‘Reflections on the transition from mass to universal higher education’, Daedalus, 99(1), 1–42.Google Scholar
  73. Varga, A. (2009) Universities, Knowledge Transfer and Regional Development: Geography, Entrepreneurship and Policy (Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Pub).Google Scholar
  74. Vukasovic, M., Maassen, P., Nerland, M., Pinheiro, R., Stensaker, B. and A. Vabø (2012) Effects of Higher Education Reforms: Change Dynamics (Rotterdam: Sense Publishers).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Wangenge-Ouma, G. (2012) ‘Tuition fees and the challenge of making higher education a popular commodity in South Africa’, Higher Education, 64(6), 831–844.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Wangenge-Ouma, G. (2013) Widening Participation in South Africa. Retrieved November 11, 2014, from http://www.hefce.ac.uk/media/hefce/content/pubs/indirreports/2013/wpinternationalresearch/2013_WPeffectivenessSAfrica.pdf.Google Scholar
  77. Wangenge-Ouma, G. (2014) ‘Diaspora linkages and the challenge of strengthening the academic core in African universities’, in M. Stiasny and T. Gore (eds) Global Education: Knowledge-Based Economies for 21st Century Nations (pp. 19–28) (Bangley: Emerald).Google Scholar
  78. Wangenge-Ouma, G. and N. Cloete (2008) ‘Financing higher education in South Africa: Public funding, non-government revenue and tuition fees’, South African Journal of Higher Education, 22(4), 906–919.Google Scholar
  79. Yang, P., Jing, M., Cai, Y., Lyytinen, A. and S. Hölttä (2015) ‘Transformation of local universities and international experiences (In Chinese)’, Journal of National Academy of Education Administration, 2015(2), 83–90.Google Scholar
  80. Yang, R., Vidovich, L. and J. Currie (2007) ‘ “Dancing in a cage”: Changing autonomy in Chinese higher education’, Higher Education, 54(4), 575–592.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Rómulo Pinheiro, Gerald Wangenge-Ouma, Elizabeth Balbachevsky and Yuzhuo Cai 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rómulo Pinheiro
  • Gerald Wangenge-Ouma
  • Elizabeth Balbachevsky
  • Yuzhuo Cai

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations