Sarmad the Jew: A Precursor of the Encounter

  • Alon Goshen-Gottstein
Part of the Interreligious Studies in Theory and Practice book series (INSTTP)


While the Jews of India do not teach us much concerning the actual Jewish-Hindu encounter, there is one Jewish personality of the seventeenth century who may be relevant to today’s discussions, growing out of contemporary religious encounters. This is Sarmad.1


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  1. 2.
    Isaac A. Ezekiel, Sarmad: Jewish Saint of India, Punjab, Radha Soami Satsang Beas, 1966;Google Scholar
  2. M. G. Gupta, Sarmad the Saint: Life and Works, MG Publishers, Agra, 1991;Google Scholar
  3. Zahurul Hassan Sharib, Sarmad and His Rubaiyat, Sharib Press, Southampton, UK, 1994;Google Scholar
  4. Paul Smith, Sarmad: Life and Poems, Createspace Independent Pub, 2014.Google Scholar
  5. 7.
    Walter Fischel, The Bible in Persian Translation, Harvard Theological Review 45, 1, 1952, pp. 22–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 11.
    Roger Kamenetz, The Jew in the Lotus: A Poet’s Rediscovery of Jewish Identity in Buddhist India, HarperOne San Francisco, New York, 1994.Google Scholar
  7. 16.
    Nathan Katz, The Identity of a Mystic: The Case of Sa’id Sarmad, a Jewish-Yogi-Sufi Courtier of the Mughals, Numen 47, 2000, pp. 142–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 18.
    See Maulavi Abdu’l Wali, A Sketch of the Life of Sarmad, Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 20, 1924, p. 118.Google Scholar
  9. 20.
    Extract from Alamgir Nama of Muhammad Kazim, written in 1688, translated in H. M. Elliot and J. Dowson, The History of India as Told by Its Own Historians, Trubner, London, 1877, vol. 7, p. 179.Google Scholar

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© Alon Goshen-Gottstein 2016

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  • Alon Goshen-Gottstein

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