Sons and Heirs pp 147-159 | Cite as

The Succession of an Unborn King: Constitutional Politics in Spain after the Death of Alfonso XII

  • Carmina López Sánchez
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Modern Monarchy book series (PSMM)


Spain’s Glorious Revolution of 1868 brought the reign of Isabel II and the Bourbon dynasty to an end. The heir to the throne, Isabel’s son Alfonso, was a child of 11 years when the Spanish royal family was forced into exile. Their departure on 30 September 1868 marked the beginning of the so-called Democratic Sexennium (1868–74), during which Spaniards first established the parliamentary monarchy of Amadeo de Savoy and then proclaimed Spain’s First Republic. On 29 December 1874, however, the last successful pronunciamiento of nineteenth-century Spain occurred.1 The aim of this military coup was to reinstate the Bourbon dynasty by placing Alfonso XII on the throne. The public face of the pronunciamiento was General Arsenio Martínez Campos, but as he himself pointed out, the coup had been orchestrated by Spain’s captain general in Cuba, a widely revered military hero. In fact, Martínez Campos would later inform the king ‘that the only person I have obeyed is the Conde de Valmaseda, crowned by so many laurels in Cuba: he, and he alone was the initiator, I confined myself to implementing his wishes and his commands’.2


Austrian Emperor Liberal Party Military Coup Royal Family Constitutional Monarchy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 6.
    Pedro Carasa (2008), ‘La Restauración monárquica (1875–1902)’, in: Angel Bahamonde (ed.), Historia de España. Siglo XX 1875–1939, 3rd edn, Madrid, 50–51.Google Scholar
  2. 9.
    Earl Ray Beck (2000), A Time of Triumph and of Sorrow: Spanish Politics during the Reign of Alfonso XII, 1874–1885, Carbondale, IL., 64.Google Scholar
  3. 10.
    Piedro Répide (1953), Alfonso XII, Revista literaria. Novelas y cuentos, Madrid, 54.Google Scholar
  4. 12.
    Augusto Conte (1903), Recuerdos de un diplomático, vol. 3, Madrid, 513–14.Google Scholar
  5. 31.
    Francisco Bergamín (1928), ‘Cánovas, político’, in: Ateneo de Madrid (ed.) Conferencias pronunciadas en el Ateneo de Madrid en conmemoración del primer centenario del nacimiento de Cánovas del Castillo, Madrid, 24–25.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Carmina López Sánchez 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carmina López Sánchez

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations